How does education affect Chinese people’s fertility desire of a second child: evidence from Chinese General Social Survey (2013)Mar. 3,2020
The objective of this paper is to discuss the influence of education on the fertility desire as well as the fertility desire of a second child and reveal its internal mechanism. Based on the data of 2013 Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS), this paper constructs the research ideas from two aspects, the effects and the action mechanism, and it adopts the empirical research methods of OLS, 2SLS, Probit, IV Probit, Poisson regression and negative binomial regression. This paper finds that education has a negative impact on the fertility intention and the fertility desire of a second child. And education mainly influences the fertility desire of a second child through the “income-cost” and “cultural-cognitive” channels. On the one hand, education has a significant income effect, but education also enhances an individual value of time, which has a significant negative effect on the fertility desire of a second child. On the other hand, education will influence this desire through the channels of “the transformation of marriage and childbearing concepts,” “social cognitive bias” and “traditional culture segregation.” Comparatively speaking, changing people’s “culture-cognition” is a more important reason leading to the decline of this desire. This article combines education and childbirth issues together to provide a reference for decision-making on the matching of family planning policies and related economic and social policies, providing early-stage exploration results for the study of population development strategy in China.
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