Insight into Karl Marx’s parody theoryFeb. 4,2020
While “parody,” a term of the literature, art and culture community, has been often addressed in academia, Marx’s theory about parodies in the history has yet to draw attention of academicians. Leveraging the theory, Marx taunted the new French revolution in 1848–1851 as a historical depreciation, criticizing the unreasonable part of Hegel’s rationality-based “historical repetition” argument. Alongside that, he pondered over what culturally contributed to the development of the aestheticism-decadence style marked by parodies in view of the purposes of the old and new French revolutions, capitalist representative system and modern communication media. By doing so, he demonstrated the conceptual reasonableness of historical materialism, and made his trans-boundary parody theory an appealing point of the materialist conception. Unlike the parody theories produced by Bakhtin and other post-modernists, Marx’s parody theory makes sense by serving the human history through criticism of the new French revolution.
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