The determinants of pig scale production and its spatial correlation: an analysis based on data from 13 main provincial-level regions of pig production in ChinaNov. 14,2019
Based on relevant statistics from 2007 to 2015, this paper described the development course and the scale production characteristics of pig production by using the scale index of 13 provincial-level regions. Afterwards, it established a spatial model to analyze the determinants of pig scale production and its spatial correlation. The main conclusions were as follows. Firstly, pig scale production in China tended to concentrate in north China and northeast China, and the pig production scale was generally low. Secondly, there were several factors influencing pig scale production, including farmers’ educational level, urbanization level, non-agricultural employment wage rate, pork consumption capacity, pork price index, traffic accessibility, output of pig production and environmental regulation intensity. Thirdly, pig scale production had spatial dependence on the determinants such as land carrying capacity, urbanization level, non-agricultural employment wage rate, potential consumer market, pork consumption capacity, traffic accessibility, farmers’ ability to invest in fixed assets and environmental regulation intensity. Therefore, in the process of promoting pig scale production, the government should fully consider the spatial correlation and spillover effects. On one hand, we should expand the potential consumer market, improve the pork consumption capacity and transportation accessibility, enhance farmers’ ability to invest in fixed assets, and strengthen environmental regulation. On the other hand, we should also consider the inhibiting effect of the urbanization level and land carrying capacity.
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