what is provided for the old-age support of only-child parents?Nov. 7,2019
The Chinese government began to promote the one-child policy in1980. The implementation of the comprehensive two-child policy in January 2016 announced the termination of the one-child policy which had been carried out for more than thirty years. The strict implementation of family planning policy has created a huge number of only-child families in urban and rural China. Family support has been the main form of Chinese urban and rural old-age support, the only-son or daughter is the sole bearer for that in the only-child family. The lack of support resources has made old-age support in the only-child family always attract the attention of all social sectors.
At present, the first generation of the only-child has grown up, married and has children, their parents have also gradually entered old age, and the parent-child intergenerational old-age support relationship has been formed. What the current family support status of the aging only-child parents is, whether only-child families are facing huge supporting pressure？
Old-age support for the first-generation only-child parents in urban China by WU Haixia, explored the institutional support intention of urban aging only-child parents and the influencing factors under the current level of family support and community-based services.
The result shows that, Firstly, the vast majority of urban first-generation aging only-child parents receive financial, housework and emotional support from their children, but the level of family support is relatively low. It was difficult to draw the conclusion that the only-child could be qualified for parent’s old-age support.
Second, the only-child with a higher educational level and income level will give their parents more financial support. It means that early human capital that parents invest to their children has paid off, which shows to a certain extent that the parent-child relationship of the only-child family has both investment and return characteristics, as well as the characteristics of the parenting-supporting model, and takes into account the resources and needs of the two generations.
Third, the aging only-child parents who are in middle level in every aspect, including those with senior high school, technical secondary school or technical school educational degree, good health status and working in state-owned enterprises before retirement have relatively a strong willingness to stay in nursing homes.
Fourth, family support and community-based services have an impact on the willingness of only-child parents to stay in nursing homes. Family support has a certain substitution effect on institutional support, whereas the substitution effect of community-based services on institutional support is not clear yet.
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