Post-2020 rural urban integrative poverty reduction strategy: development status, evolution, new vision and key areas

Sep. 29,2019
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This article aims to describe the characteristics and trends of urban and rural poverty in China, to clarify the gaps faced by China’s poverty reduction, to present the changes and challenges of the poverty alleviation policy, and to identify the needs for a new vision of China’s post-2020 poverty reduction. A rural urban integrative poverty reduction strategy is then proposed with five key strategic issues being identified to support the development of such strategy. The factors such as social and economic transformation, rapid urbanization process, a widening gap of China’s income distribution and the change in population structure are influencing and will continue to influence China’s poverty reduction dynamics. China’s population below the poverty line has continuously decreased, but multidimensional poverty incidence and consumption poverty incidence are much higher than those being measured by income poverty. Education and health are two most deprived dimensions in both rural and urban areas. Migrant workers from rural areas are likely to form the major part of urban poverty while women, children and the elderly groups are particularly vulnerable. China currently applies a binary governance mode for urban-rural poverty segmentation instead of a uniform national poverty governance system. The poverty reduction policies and expenditures vary significantly between rural and urban areas. With an anticipated rise of the urbanization, the aging population, migrant workers, and new poverty standard, a new poverty group is likely to emerge and requires special attention from policymakers. This article proposes a new vision for post-2020 rural urban integrative poverty alleviation in China. In particular, during 2020 and 2035, China will need to establish a rural urban integrative poverty governance structure, with the equalization of urban and rural public services as the strategic direction. To formulate the feasible poverty strategy, five key issues are suggested, including providing a more accurate prediction of socio-economic development conditions, establishing new poverty standards, unifying poverty governance system nation-wide, developing a pro-poor social protection system, as well as fiscal and financial reform and innovation to ensure the poverty reduction outcome.

Corresponding Author: CHEN Kevin
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CNKI Press Officer: ZHONG Ming
Email: zm6946@cnki.net

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