The influences of increases in labor price and aging on leasing rural land

YANG Jin1 CHEN Zhigang2

(1.School of Economics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology)
(2.International Food Policy Study Institute)

【Abstract】This paper used the survey data of the survey on fixed-observation points from the Ministry of Agriculture to investigate the influences of the increase in the labor price and aging of the labor force on leasing land. The results indicated that the increase in the labor price had significantly positive influences on leasing rural land. In other words, the increase in the labor price would promote leasing rural land. When it came to the aging labor force, whether the analysis was based on the total samples or the total samples were divided into samples of land leased in or out, or samples in plains and mountainous areas, results of the empirical analysis showed that the aging labor force of farmer households did not have a significant influence on the market on which rural land was leased in or out. In addition, whether the trend of the aging rural labor force would promote or weaken the influences of the increase in the labor price on the market on which rural land was leased in or out? Through analyzing the common effects of both of them, the regression results suggested that the aging rural labor force and the increase in the labor price did not have a common effect on the market on which rural land was leased in or out.

【Keywords】 the labor price; aging; leasing rural land;

【Funds】 Supported by Young Scientists Fund of National Social Science Foundation of China (I3CGL085) Major International (Regional) Joint Research Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (71333011) the Funds for International Cooperation and Exchange of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (70673035) the National Natural Science Foundation of China (71203109)

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(Translated by HE Jinliao)

    Footnote

    [1]. ① In the field of labor economics, the age of labor force is normally defined as below 60 years old while people above 60 years old are regarded as people who have retired. Nevertheless, in villages of China, people above 60 years old will work until about 70 years old as long as he or she is healthy and able to work. So in the following passage, defining the age of labor force will not be confined between 16 and 60 years old. We will calculate the labor force according to the survey on rural families. A man even above 60 years old will be defined as an elderly laborer as long as he still engages in agricultural labor.

    [2]. ② The reason why we use data between 2004 and 2008 is that the indicators of this micro questionnaire vary in different periods. In order to maintain their unity, this paper selects this period to analyze.

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This Article

ISSN:1002-8870

CN: 11-1262/F

Vol , No. 05, Pages 71-83

May 2016

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Trends of increases in the labor price
  • 3 Aging trends of Chinese rural labor force
  • 4 Basic situation of leasing rural land
  • 5 Empirical analyses
  • 6 Conclusions
  • Footnote

    References

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