区块链框架下能源互联网多模块协同自治模式初探

曾鸣1 程俊1 王雨晴1 李源非1 杨雍琦1 窦金月1

(1.新能源电力系统国家重点实验室 (华北电力大学) , 北京市昌平区 102206)

【摘要】能源互联网是实现我国能源革命的关键平台, 区块链有望成为推动能源互联网发展的关键支撑技术。该文提出了一种利用区块链技术实现能源互联网系统分布式决策和协同自治运行的机制框架;分析了区块链与能源互联网的兼容性;提出了能源区块链为支撑的能源互联网基本框架;设计了能源互联网多模块协同自治模式、控制流程并构建了各模块运行优化模型;最后从区块链和能源互联网角度分别提出了区块链框架下能源互联网发展的关键技术。

【关键词】 能源互联网; 区块链; 分布式决策; 协同自治;

【基金资助】 国家电网公司科技项目 (SGNX0000DKJS1600128) Project Supported by the Science and Technology Project of SGCC (SGNX0000DKJS1600128)

Download this article

    References

    [1]Du Xiangwan.Energy revolution for sustainable future[J].Journal of Beijing Institute of Technology:Social Sciences Edition, 2014, 16 (5) :1-8 (in Chinese) .

    [2]Zeng Ming, Bai Xuexiang, Li Yuanfei, et al.Development model, mechanism and key technology of energy internet based on complex adaptive system theory[J].Power System Technology, 2016, 40 (11) :3383-3390 (in Chinese) .

    [3]Cao Yin.Energy block chain and energy internet[J].Wind Energy, 2016 (5) :14-15 (in Chinese) .

    [4]Ling Qing.Technical principle and economic analysis of bitcoin[D].Shanghai:Fudan University, 2014 (in Chinese) .

    [5]Swan M.Blockchain:Blueprint for a new economy[M].Sebastopol, CA:O’Reilly Media, 2015:2-3.

    [6]Luan Hao, Zhao Jian.The prospect of block chain application in the energy internet[J].Energy, 2016 (8) :70-72 (in Chinese) .

    [7]Yao Jianguo, Gao Zhiyuan, Yang Shengchun.Understanding and prospects of energy internet[J].Automation of Electric Power Systems, 2015, 39 (23) :9-14 (in Chinese) .

    [8]Liu Dunnan, Zeng Ming, Huang Renle, et al.Business models and market mechanisms of E-net (2) [J]Power System Technology, 2015, 39 (11) :3057-3063 (in Chinese) .

    [9]Zeng Ming, Yang Yongqi, Liu Dunnan, et al.“Generationgrid-load-storage”coordinative optimal operation mode of energy internet and key technologies[J].Power System Technology, 2016, 40 (1) :114-124 (in Chinese) .

    [10]Cao Junwei, Wang Jiye, Ming Yangyang, et al.Softwaredefined information and communication technology for energy internet[J].Proceedings of the CSEE, 2015, 35 (14) :3649-3655 (in Chinese) .

    [11]Liu Shicheng, Zhang Dongxia, Zhu Chaoyang, et al.A view on big data in energy internet[J].Automation of Electric Power Systems, 2016, 40 (8) :14-21, 56 (in Chinese) .

    [12]Li Jianlin, Tian Liting, Lai Xiaokang.Outlook of electrical energy storage technologies under energy internet background[J].Automation of Electric Power Systems, 2015, 39 (23) :15-25 (in Chinese) .

    [13]Chen Jingpeng, Yu Zhiwen, Ai Qian.Study on power router oriented to energy internet sysem[J].Electrical&Energy Management Technology, 2015 (24) :10-15, 23 (in Chinese) .

    [14]Dennis R, Owen G.Rep on the block:a next generation reputation system based on the blockchain[C]//Proceedings of the 10th International Conference for Internet Technology and Secured Transactions (ICITST) .London, Brintain:IEEE, 2015:131-138.

    [15]Zyskind G, Nathan O, Pentland A S.Decentralizing privacy:using blockchain to protect personal data[C]//Proceedings of the 2015 IEEE Security and Privacy Workshops (SPW) .San Jose, CA, USA:IEEE, 2015:180-184.

    [16]Frey R M, Vučkovac D, Ilic A.A secure shopping experience based on blockchain and beacon technology[C]//Proceedings of the 10th ACM Conference on Recommender Systems.Boston, USA:RECSYS, 2016.

    [17]Lin Xiaoxuan.Application of block chain technology in financial industry[J].China Finance, 2016 (8) :17-18 (in Chinese) .

    [18]Zhao He, Li Xiaofeng, Zhan Likui, et al.Data integrity protection method for microorganism sampling robots based on blockchain technology[J].Journal of Huazhong University of Science&Technology:Natural Science Edition, 2015, 43 (S1) :216-219 (in Chinese) .

    [19]Tai Xue, Sun Hongbin, Guo Qinglai.Electricity transactions and congestion management based on blockchain in energy internet[J].Power System Technology, 2016, 40 (12) :3630-3638 (in Chinese) .

    [20]Wang Anping, Fan Jin'gang, Guo Yanlai.Application of blockchain in energy interconnection[J].Electric Power Information and Communication Technology, 2016, 14 (9) :1-6 (in Chinese) .

    [21]Mihaylov M, Jurado S, Avellana N, et al.NRGcoin:virtual currency for trading of renewable energy in smart grids[C]//Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on the European Energy Market (EEM) .Krakow:IEEE, 2014:1-6.

    [22]Zeng Ming, Yang Yongqi, Li Yuanfei, et al.The preliminary research for key operation mode and technologies of electrical power system with renewable energy sources under energy internet[J].Proceedings of the CSEE, 2016, 36 (3) :681-691 (in Chinese) .

    [23]James Schneider, Alexander Blostein, Brian Lee, et al.Blockchain:putting theory into practice[R].The Goldman Sachs Group, 2016.

    [24]Guan Lili.The idea of credit application based on block chain technology[J].China Computer&Communication, 2016 (6) :168-169 (in Chinese) .

    [25]Zhang Ning, Wang Yi, Kang Chongqing, et al.Blockchain technique in the energy internet:preliminary research framework and typical applications[J].Proceedings of the CSEE, 2016, 36 (15) :4011-4022 (in Chinese) .

    [26]Yuan Yong, Wang Feiyue.Blockchain:the state of the art and future trends[J].Acta Automatica Sinica, 2016, 42 (4) :481-494 (in Chinese) .

    [27]Bozchalui M C, Hashmi S A, Hassen H, et al.Optimal operation of residential energy hubs in smart grids[J].IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 2012, 3 (4) :1755-1766.

    [28]Wang Yi, Zhang Ning, Kang Chongqing.Review and prospect of optimal planning and operation of energy hub in energy internet[J].Proceedings of the CSEE, 2015, 35 (22) :5669-5681 (in Chinese) .

    [29]Sun Qiuye, Teng Fei, Zhang Huaguang, et al.Construction of dynamic coordinated optimization control system for energy internet[J].Proceedings of the CSEE, 2015, 35 (14) :3667-3677 (in Chinese) .

    [30]Blockchain Luxembourg S.A..Blockchain monitoring website[EB/OL].[2016-01-08].https://blockchain.info/.

    [31]Ethereum White Paper.A next-generation smart contract and decentralized application platform[EB/OL].[2015-11-12].https://github.com/ethereum/wiki/wiki/White-Paper.

    [32]Kraft D.Difficulty control for blockchain-based consensus systems[J].Peer-to-Peer Networking and Applications, 2016, 9 (2) :397-413.

    [33]LAN/MAN Standards Committee.IEEE Std 802.3bzTM-2016 IEEE Standard for Ethernet:Amendment 7:Media access control parameters, physical layers, and management parameters for 2.5 Gb/s and 5 Gb/s operation, types 2.5GBASE-T and 5GBASE-T[S].New York:IEEE, 2016.

    [34]Primecoin.Primecoin Website[EB/OL].[2016-02-09].http://prime coin.io/.

    [35]Eyal I, Efe Gencer A, Sirer E G, et al.Bitcoin-NG:a scalable blockchain protocol[C]//Cryptography and Security, ar Xiv:1510.02037.

    [36]Guo Hui, Wang Fei, Zhang Lijun, et al.Technologies of energy router-based smart distributed energy network[J].Proceedings of the CSEE, 2016, 36 (12) :3314-3324 (in Chinese) .

    [37]Cao Yang, Yuan Liqiang, Zhu Shaomin, et al.Parameter design of energy router orienting energy internet[J].Power System Technology, 2015, 39 (11) :3094-3101 (in Chinese) .

    [38]Sheng Wanxing, Liu Haitao, Zeng Zheng, et al.An energy hub based on virtual-machine control[J].Proceedings of the CSEE, 2015, 35 (14) :3541-3550 (in Chinese) .

    [39]Ju Ping, Shen Bin, Chen Qian.Trends of power system modeling under new background[J].Southern Power System Technology, 2016, 10 (3) :32-34 (in Chinese) .

    [40]Zhong Fen, Wu Zhu, Zhu Tong, et al.Optimization design of a combined organic rankine cycle-heat pump system driven by low-grade waste heat[J].Proceedings of the CSEE, 2016, 36 (12) :3176-3183 (in Chinese) .

    [41]Yu Huajie.Research on modeling and optimization of coal mine reverse logistics networks[D].Zhengzhou:Zhengzhou University, 2013 (in Chinese) .

    [42]Yang Liuqing.Research on road traffic flow simulation model construction and its application[D].Beijing:Beijing University of Technology, 2014 (in Chinese) .

    [43]Jia Hongjie, Wang Dan, Xu Xiandong, et al.Research on some key problems related to integrated energy systems[J].Automation of Electric Power Systems, 2015, 39 (7) :198-207 (in Chinese) .

    [44]Umbarkar A J, Joshi M S, Sheth P D.Diversity-based dual-population genetic algorithm (DPGA) :A review[M]//Das K N, Deep K, Pant M, et al.Proceedings of 4th International Conference on Soft Computing for Problem Solving, 2015:219-229.

This Article

ISSN:0258-8013

CN: 11-2107/TM

Vol 37, No. 13, Pages 3672-3681

July 2017

Downloads:0

Share
Article Outline

摘要

  • 0 引言
  • 1 区块链与能源互联网的兼容性分析
  • 2 以区块链为支撑的能源互联网基本框架
  • 3 能源互联网多模块协同自治模式及其控制流程
  • 4 区块链框架下能源互联网发展关键技术
  • 5 结论与展望
  • 参考文献