飞行场景中表征动量的地标吸引效应和排斥效应

晏碧华1 刘晓敏1 刘浩哲1

(1.陕西师范大学心理学院暨陕西省行为与认知神经科学重点实验室, 西安 710062)

【摘要】设置了安全和危险两种地标, 采用诱导运动范式考察了飞行场景中运动目标和关联地标的相对关系、目标运动方向及关联地标的意义特征和呈现时间对运动目标位置判断的影响。结果显示: (1) 飞行场景中飞机的表征动量较强; (2) 趋近安全地标的表征动量大于远离安全地标的表征动量, 趋近危险地标的表征动量小于远离危险地标的表征动量, 安全地标呈现出地标吸引效应, 而危险地标呈现出地标排斥效应; (3) 高关联的安全和危险地标使飞机的表征动量不受运动方向影响; (4) 保持间隔期间呈现的安全和危险地标使飞机的表征动量增加。结论:表征动量的地标效应受制于地标意义特征, 表征动量受到目标和地标之间的因果关系和情景意义的影响。

【关键词】 表征动量; 地标吸引效应; 地标排斥效应; 情景; 向前偏移量;

【基金资助】 教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金 (14YJA190012) 陕西省重点实验室后补助培育建设项目 (2016SZsj-29) 资助

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This Article

ISSN:0439-755X

CN: 11-1911/B

Vol 50, No. 07, Pages 703-714

July 2018

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Article Outline

摘要

  • 1 引言
  • 2 实验1a:诱导期间呈现安全地标的表征动量
  • 3 实验1b:诱导期间呈现危险地标的表征动量
  • 4 实验2a:保持间隔期间呈现安全地标的表征动量
  • 5 实验2b:保持间隔期间呈现危险地标的表征动量
  • 6 实验1和实验2的数据比较
  • 7 总讨论
  • 8 结论
  • 参考文献