Research on Buddhism policy in Ming Dynasty
【Abstract】The formulation of Buddhism policy in the Ming Dynasty was part of the “state-building” in the early Ming Dynasty. Buddhism can help the emperors to enrich their virtue, which is the premise that it can be legalized in this empire with neo-Confucianism as its ideology. At the beginning of the Ming Dynasty, the emperors had no lack of personal interest in Buddhism, but they had more restrictions on it since they make their policies mainly based on utilitarianism and focused on national interests. The detailed implementation of these policies has achieved varying degrees of success. Moreover, their effects are overlapping and enlarging, which seriously weakened the autonomy of Buddhism in system, economy, and ideology, and ultimately had a profound impact on the development of Buddhism in the Ming Dynasty and thereafter.
【Keywords】 Ming Dynasty; Buddhism; policy; state building; utilitarianism; autonomy;
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