基于环境DNA-宏条形码技术的水生生态系统入侵生物的早期监测与预警

李晗溪1,2 黄雪娜1 李世国1,2 战爱斌1,2

(1.中国科学院生态环境研究中心环境生物技术重点实验室, 北京 100085)
(2.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院, 北京 100049)

【摘要】外来生物入侵是继生境破坏后造成生物多样性丧失的第二大威胁因素, 已对入侵地的生态安全、经济和社会发展及人类健康等造成严重负面影响, 成为21世纪五大全球性环境问题之一。作为水产养殖、航运和水生宠物交易大国, 我国水生生态系统的生物入侵问题尤为严重。研究表明, 系统地构建并应用早期监测预警技术是防控水生生态系统生物入侵最有效的途径。和陆生生物相比, 水生生物群落的物种繁多、群落结构复杂、生物形体微小且在入侵初期群体规模极小、隐匿于水下、可用于物种鉴定的外部形态缺乏, 使得在水生生态系统中构建并应用早期监测和预警体系在技术层面更具挑战。随着高通量测序技术的快速发展, 环境DNA-宏条形码技术成为构建水生生态系统入侵生物早期监测与预警技术的首选。本文主要综述了基于环境DNA-宏条形码技术的水生生态系统入侵生物的早期监测与预警技术方法;解析了环境DNA-宏条形码监测系统的应用现状、技术优势;着重探讨了影响监测结果准确性的I型和II型错误及其产生原因, 并为避免两类错误提供了可行的优化/改进方案;最后对该方法在水生入侵生物监测中的应用前景进行了展望。

【关键词】 生物入侵; DNA-宏条形码; 生物多样性; 水生生态系统; 早期监测与预警; Ⅰ型错误; Ⅱ型错误;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 国家自然科学基金优秀青年科学基金 (31622011)

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    脚注

    [1]. (1) 马竹欣 (2016) 利用环境DNA技术调查入侵种克氏原螯虾在元阳梯田的分布.硕士学位论文, 云南大学, 昆明. [^Back]

    [2]. (1) 张宛宛 (2017) 基于DNA宏条形码技术的浮游植物群落多样性监测研究.硕士学位论文, 南京大学, 南京. [^Back]

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This Article

ISSN:1005-0094

CN: 11-3247/Q

Vol 27, No. 05, Pages 491-504

May 2019

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摘要

  • 1 引言
  • 2 环境DNA-宏条形码技术
  • 3 环境DNA-宏条形码技术在水生入侵物种早期监测和预警中的应用
  • 4 环境DNA-宏条形码技术存在的问题及优化方案
  • 5 展望
  • 脚注

    参考文献