千岛湖陆桥岛屿繁殖鸟类的扩散能力差异对群落动态的影响

吴奕如1 斯幸峰1 陈传武1 曾頔1 赵郁豪1 李家琦1 丁平1

(1.浙江大学生命科学学院, 杭州 310058)

【摘要】岛屿生物地理学理论的核心过程是岛屿物种的周转,包括迁入与灭绝。本研究旨在探讨扩散能力差异对岛屿繁殖鸟类群落动态的影响。2007年4月至2013年6月,采用样线法调查了千岛湖36个陆桥岛屿的繁殖鸟类,依据扩散能力强弱将其划分为两类,结合陆桥岛屿参数,并运用逻辑斯蒂回归模型和最大似然法,来研究鸟类扩散能力的不同对其周转率的影响。结果表明,千岛湖繁殖鸟类扩散能力强的物种具有较高周转率且受岛屿参数约束较小,而扩散能力弱的物种周转率较低且对岛屿参数变化更敏感。因此,千岛湖陆桥岛屿繁殖鸟类的扩散能力显著影响其群落动态。

【关键词】 周转率; 迁入率; 灭绝率; 群落动态; 繁殖鸟类; 千岛湖;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 国家自然科学基金(31210103908;31500453)

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This Article

ISSN:1005-0094

CN: 11-3247/Q

Vol 24, No. 10, Pages 1135-1145

October 2016

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摘要

  • 1 研究地概况
  • 2 研究方法
  • 3 结果
  • 4 讨论
  • 5 结论
  • 附录Supplementary Material
  • 参考文献