New measurement of occupational gender segregation in transitional China: based on K-M decomposition method

ZHANG Chenggang1 YANG Weiguo2

(1.School of Labor Economics, Capital University of Economics and Business, Beijing, China 100070)
(2.School of Labor and Human Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing , China 100872)

【Abstract】This study distinguished the concept of the level of occupational gender segregation (OGS) and the degree of OGS to measure OGS in China transitional period. In previous studies, the level of OGS measured by the summary indices cannot eliminate the impact of changes of occupational structure and gender structure. For a transitional labor market changed dramatically like China’s, the impact of occupational structure or gender structure on the level of OGS could be huge. Using K-M method this study measures the level of OGS of China’s labor market from 1989—2006 and decompose the level into degree of OGS (composition effects) and mix effects. The results indicated the increasing level of OGS in transitional period is due to not only the degree of OGS but also the change of occupation effect.

【Keywords】 level of occupational gender segregation; degree of occupational gender segregation; Ip index; K-M method;


【Funds】 project of National Social Science Fund of China (17CJY069) university research project of Capital University of Economics and Business (2017XJG015)

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(Translated by CHEN Wen)


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This Article



Vol , No. 06, Pages 53-63

November 2018


Article Outline


  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Reviewing empirical studies on the index decomposition method
  • 3 Data sample and the K-M decomposition method
  • 4 Degree of OGS in the Chinese labor market
  • 5 Conclusions and discussions
  • References