班级同辈群体与青少年教育期望:社会遵从与社会比较效应

曹蕊1 吴愈晓1

(1.南京大学社会学院)

【摘要】基于“中国教育追踪调查”2014-2015学年的数据,探讨班级同辈群体对青少年教育期望的影响。研究发现,在社会遵从效应的影响下,青少年的教育期望随班级平均教育期望的升高而提高;在社会比较效应的影响下,青少年的教育期望随班级平均学业成绩的升高而降低;同辈群体能力构成的异质性水平对青少年教育期望具有正向影响;青少年自身的学业成绩会调节相关影响因素的强度;学生成绩越好,受遵从效应的正影响越大;成绩越差,受比较效应的负影响越大,受异质性水平的正影响越大。

【关键词】 参照群体; 同伴效应; 社会遵从; 社会比较; 教育期望;

【DOI】

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    脚注

    [1]. (1)计划生育政策近年来有所调整。虽然如此,作为独生子女的“00后”“90后”还是当前青少年人口的主要组成部分。 [^Back]

    [2]. (2)为了检验上述结论的稳健性,生成是否期望“上四年制大学”的二分变量。以此作为因变量,使用学校固定效应的logistic模型进行估计,结果同表4以及表2、3所展示的总体模式完全一致。 [^Back]

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This Article

ISSN:1008-1437

CN: 11-3280/C

Vol , No. 05, Pages 25-33+94-95

September 2019

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Article Outline

摘要

  • 一、引言
  • 二、文献回顾和研究假设
  • 三、研究设计
  • 四、研究结果
  • 五、结论与讨论
  • 脚注

    参考文献