Trajectory of marriage and childbearing among urban and rural residents in the context of nearby urbanization

LIU Lige1 LIU Hongsheng2 JIN Xiaoyi2

(1.College of Humanities & Social Development, Northwest A&F University)
(2.School of Public Policy and Administration, Xi’an Jiaotong University)

【Abstract】 This study focuses on the trajectory of marriage and childbearing of urban and rural residents in the context of nearby urbanization. Based on the survey data of County Y, Henan Province, China, this study follows the life course theory to investigate the occurrence time of major marriage and childbearing events of the urban and rural residents, time span between two adjacent marriage and childbearing events, and further reveals the relationship between premarital cohabitation and premarital pregnancy. The survey data are analyzed from three primary perspectives, including the household registration, migration and birth cohort. The research results show that: (1) the traditional trajectory of marriage and childbearing featuring “marriage-cohabitation-pregnancy-childbearing” time sequence is facing real challenges, where premarital cohabitation and premarital pregnancy have become a common social phenomenon, impressively prominent among rural residents with premarital migration experience and the “post-80s” generation; (2) premarital cohabitation has a bearing on delaying the age of first marriage and raising premarital pregnancy risks; (3) and the changes in the marriage and childbearing trajectory of urban and rural residents may pose challenges to women health and to the survival and development of infants.

【Keywords】 life course; trajectory of marriage and childbearing; marriage and childbearing events; premarital cohabitation; premarital pregnancy;

【DOI】

【Funds】 The National Social Science Fund of China (16CRK009)

Download this article

    Footnote

    [1]. ① Due to the limit of sample size, the analysis of birth cohort excludes the “post-50s” generation and the “post-90s” generation. [^Back]

    [2]. ② According to the calculations of Fu et al. (2012) and Zhang et al. (2016) both based on the Sixth National Population Census, the average age at first childbirth for Chinese women was between 25.74 and 26.24 in 2010. [^Back]

    [3]. ③ This result is roughly consistent with the result of proportion of premarital cohabitation among the “post-70s” and “post-80s” provided by Yuan et al. (2016) based on the 2010 CFPS data. [^Back]

    References

    Bao, L. Sociological Studies (社会学研究), (4) (2005).

    Chen, Y. & Ye, W. South China Population (南方人口), (4) (2009).

    Dang, C. Contemporary Youth Research (当代青年研究), (1) (2012).

    Fu, C., Wang, W. & Zeng, X. South China Population (南方人口), (5) (2012).

    Gu, D., Du, H., Liu, Q. et al. Journal of the Northwest A&F University (Social Science) ((西北农林科技大学学报 (社会科学版)), (4) (2016).

    Kong, X. Journal of Shandong Women’s University (山东女子学院学报), (2) (2010).

    Li, D. & Guo, Z. China Journal of Population Science (中国人口科学), (3) (2014).

    Li, Q., Chen, Z. & Zhang, Y. Social Sciences in Guangdong (广东社会科学), (1) (2015).

    Li, Q., Deng, J. & Xiao, Z. Sociological Studies (社会学研究), (6) (1999).

    Liang, T. South China Population (南方人口), (4) (2017).

    Liu, H. Population and Development (人口与发展), (5) (2014).

    Liu, J. & Zhao. G. Population and Development (人口与发展), (4) (2009).

    Liu, W. Youth Studies (青年研究), (2) (2010).

    Liu, Y. Population Research (人口研究), (2) (2013).

    Lu, J. & Wang, X. Social Sciences of Beijing (北京社会科学), (3) (2013).

    Shi, L. & Wang, Y. South China Population (南方人口), (2) (2010).

    Song, Y., Zhang, L. & Duan, C. Population & Economics (人口与经济), (6) (2012).

    Wang, C. &Yu, J. Journal of Chinese Women’s Studies (妇女研究论丛), (1) (2013).

    Wang, H. South China Population (南方人口), (3) (2011).

    Wei, X. Contemporary Youth Research (当代青年研究), (6) (2008).

    Xu, Q. Population & Economics (人口与经济), (4) (2015).

    Xu, R. & Jia, Z. Tribune of Social Sciences (社会科学论坛), (19) (2010).

    Yin, Q. & Zheng, Y. Population and Society (人口与社会), (1) (2017).

    Yu, J. & Xie, Y. Sociological Studies (社会学研究), (4) (2013).

    Yu, J. & Xie, Y. Population Research (人口研究), (2) (2017).

    Yuan, H., Luo, J. & Zhang, S. China Youth Study (中国青年研究), (9) (2016).

    Zeng, D. Chinese Journal of Sociology (社会), (5) (2014).

    Zhang, Y. Hebei Academic Journal (河北学刊), (3) (2008).

    Zhang, Y. & Hou, J. Population and Development (人口与发展), (2) (2016).

    Zhao, M. Population Journal (人口学刊), (1) (2016).

    Zhuang, Y. Chinese Journal of Sociology (社会), (1) (2008).

    Oppenheimer,V. K. 2003, “Cohabiting and Marriage during Young Men’s Career-development Process.” Demography 40(1).

    Xie, Y., J. M. Raymo,K. Goyette & A. Thornton 2003, “Economic Potential and Entry in Marriage and Cohabitation.” Demography 40(2).

    Yu, J. & Y. Xie 2015a, “Cohabitation in China: Trends and Determinants.” Population and Development Review 41(4).

    Yu, J. & Y. Xie 2015b, “Changes in the Determinants of Marriage Entry in Post-reform Urban China.” Demography 52(6).

This Article

ISSN:1008-1437

CN: 11-3280/C

Vol , No. 04, Pages 61-71+95-96

July 2019

Downloads:0

Share
Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Research background
  • 2 Literature review
  • 3 Data and methodology
  • 4 Results
  • 5 Conclusion and implication
  • Footnote

    References