Will younger-generation entrepreneurs embrace internet more?
(2.Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)
(3.Institute of sociology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)
【Abstract】Based on the classic framework of cohort analysis in sociology, this paper tries to explore the generational differences in strategic intensity of “Internet plus” in Chinese private enterprises. Using the data from Chinese Private Enterprise Survey in 2016, we reveal the nonlinear relationship between different generations of entrepreneurs and strategic intensity of “Internet plus” in enterprises. Regarding the emerging strategy of “Internet plus,” the use intensity among younger-generation entrepreneurs is higher than that among older-generation entrepreneurs. However, regarding the mature “Internet plus” strategy, there is no significant difference between different generations of entrepreneurs. According to further analysis, the overseas experience could increase younger-generation entrepreneurs’ strategic intensity in emerging “Internet plus,” and the use degree of Internet media is the mediating variable between entrepreneur generations and emerging “Internet plus” strategy. This study could provide micro policy evidence for deep integration of enterprises and Internet.
【Keywords】 younger-generation entrepreneurs; “Internet plus” strategy; generational differences; Internet gap;
. (1) Data source: http://www.chyxx.com/industry/201703/506671.html. [^Back]
. (2) There is no substantial difference between the new generation and the younger generation. The central document uses the term of the young generation of entrepreneurs, so we use it here. [^Back]
. (3) China’s “Internet plus” index (2016) is taken from the report of China’s “Internet plus” Index 2016 (中国“互联网+”指数2016) jointly released by Tencent Research Institute, JD, Didi, Ctrip and so on (see http://www.tisi.org/4660).The report summarizes the full sample big data of Tencent, JD, Didi, Ctrip, Meituan, Dianping and other companies, measures the comprehensive results of the implementation of the “Internet plus” strategy in 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) and 351 cities across the country, and accurately analyzes the implementation status of “Internet plus” of each province and city in entrepreneurship and innovation, smart city and ten major industries (retail, finance, transportation and logistics, medical care, education, culture and entertainment, catering and accommodation, tourism, business service and life service). The “Internet plus” index can be understood as gross digital product projected by the real economy in China, which can intuitively reflect the data output and performance of almost all major industries on the mobile terminal. The physical meaning of the “Internet plus” index is the percentage of provinces and cities in China’s gross digital product. [^Back]
Chen, J., Lyu, P., Lin, Z. & Song, N. Nankai Business Review (南开管理评论), (6) (2018).
Chen, Y., Chu, M. & Li, Q. Journal of Zhejiang University of Technology (Social Science) (浙江工业大学学报(社会科学版)), (4) (2017).
Dai, Y. & Kong, D. The Journal of World Economy (世界经济), (1) (2017).
Fan, X. & Lyu, P. Social Sciences in China (中国社会科学), (4) (2017).
Fang, S., Li, B. & Li, X. Shanghai Journalism Review (新闻记者), (12) (2014).
Gao, P. & Liu, C. Journalism and Mass Communication Monthly (新闻界), (6) (2003).
Guo, C. Journal of Sun Yat-sen University (Social Science Edition) (中山大学学报(社会科学版)), (2) (2013).
He, X., Song, L., Zhu, H. & Li, X. Management World (管理世界), (2) (2014).
Hong, D., Fan, Y., Deng, X. & Qu, T. Youth Studies (青年研究), (1) (2015).
Hu, X. & Wu, Y. China Industrial Economics (中国工业经济), (1) (2016).
Huang, C. & Shang, Y. Journal of Chinese Youth Social Science (中国青年社会科学),(4) (2017).
Ji, F. & Mou, Y. Social Sciences in Hunan (湖南社会科学), (6) (2016).
Lyu, P. Academia Bimestrie (学海), (3) (2013).
Ma, D., Chai, W. & Gao, X. Management and Administration (经营与管理), (3) (2018).
Mei, X. & Lyu, P. Youth Studies (青年研究), (1) (2019).
Wen, Z., Zhang, L., Hou, J. & Liu, H. Acta Psychologica Sinica (心理学报), (5) (2004).
[US] Wooldridge, J. M. Introductory Econometrics: A Modern Approach. Zhang, C., Li, H. & Zhang, B. (trans.) Beijing: China Renmin University Press, (2015).
Xia, L. & Chen, X. Economic Research Journal (经济研究), (7) (2007).
Xing, J. & Wang, X. Forum of World Economics & Politics (世界经济与政治论坛), (2) (2017).
Yang, D. & Liu, Y. China Industrial Economics (中国工业经济), (5) (2018).
Zhang, X. & Wu, J. Science of Science and Management of S. & T. (科学学与科学技术管理), (1) (2016).
Zhao, L. Sociological Studies (社会学研究), (6) (2015).
China Institute of Private Sector. Chinese Family Business: Young Generation Report (中国家族企业年轻一代状况报告). Beijing: CITIC Press, (2017).
Bantel, K. A. & S. E. Jackson 1989, “Top Management and Innovations in Banking: Does the Composition of the Top Team Make a Difference?” Strategic Management Journal 10(S1).
Colombo, M. G. & M. Delmastro 2001, “Technology-based Entrepreneurs: Does Internet Make a Difference?” Small Business Economics 16(3).
Dou, W. et al. 2006, “Generational and Regional Differences in Media Consumption Patterns of Chinese Generation X Consumers.” Journal of Advertising 35(2).
Elder, G. H. 1974, Children of the Great Depression: Social Change in Life Experience. New York: Routledge.
Hambrick, D. C. & P. A. Mason 1984, “Upper Echelons: The Organization as a Reflection of Its Top Managers.” Academy of Management Review 9(2).
Hart, P. & J. Mellors 1970, “Management Youth and Company Growth: A Correlation?” Management Decision 4(1).
Kazmi, A. 1999, “What Young Entrepreneurs Think and Do: A Study of Second-generation Business Entrepreneurs.” The Journal of Entrepreneurship 8(1).
Liu, X. et al. 2011, “Human Mobility and International Knowledge Spillovers: Evidence from High-tech Small and Medium Enterprises in an Emerging Market.” Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal 4(4).
Lorrain, J. & L. Raymond 1991, “Young and Older Entrepreneurs: An Empirical Study of Difference.” Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship 8(4).
Mayer, K. U. & U. Schoepflin 2003, “The State and the Life Course.” Annual Review of Sociology 15(1).
Prensky, M. 2001, “Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants.” On the Horizon 9(5).
Stevens, J. M. et al. 1978, “Assessing Personal, Role, and Organizational Predictors of Managerial Commitment.” The Academy of Management Journal 21(3).
Wang, H. et al. 2011, “Returnee Entrepreneurs: Impact on China’s Globalization Process.” Journal of Contemporary China 20(70).
Zhou, X. & L. Hou 1999, “Children of the Cultural Revolution: The State and the Life Course in the People’s Republic of China.” American Sociological Review 64(1).