The study of the impact of fertility support system on employment of young floating women
【Abstract】The fertility support system plays important roles in alleviating the individuals’ work-family conflict and promoting the country’s fertility-employment as well. Based on the data from China Migrants Dynamic Survey 2013, this study focuses on the young floating women with one child, and analyzes the impacts of three aspects of fertility supporting factors (including maternity insurance, maternal services and child care) on the employment after childbirth. Through constructing the statistical models including instrumental variable, interaction effect and sub-sample test, we conduct the empirical study. According to the findings, regarding employment after childbirth, the effect of maternity insurance has the nature of permanence and stability; the effect of maternity services has the nature of timeliness and category; and the effect of child care has the nature of selectivity and foresightedness. We should construct and promote a set of fertility support system matched with the universal two-child policy, and this has very important implications for solving the dilemma faced by current population production and the related questions in China.
【Keywords】 young floating women; maternity insurance; maternal services; child care; employment;
(Translated by HE wenshan)
. (1) http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/sjjd/201801/t20180120_1575796.html [^Back]
. (2) http://www.nhfpc.gov.cn/jczds/s3582r/201801/b2e4fa203b7a475bb3649e33425807f8.shtml [^Back]
. (3) The total number of male samples are 106,738, of which those who are not employed account for 4.94%; the total number of female samples are 92,067, of which the unemployed female samples account for 21.01%. [^Back]
. (4) We can see from the existing literature that the occupational status of floating women before childbirth plays an important role in choice of employment after childbirth. This article will not focus on the diachronic impact of occupational types due to the limitations of cross-section data and questionnaire number, which will be improved in our studies in the future. [^Back]
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