Marital satisfaction, marital conflict, and subjective well-being
【Abstract】From 2012 to 2013, Fudan University conducted a large-scale household sample survey of the post-80s in Shanghai City. Based on the survey data, this paper explores the influence of marital satisfaction and marital conflict on subjective well-being of the post-80s families with different numbers of children. According to the findings, for the groups without child, the subjective well-being is only positively influenced by marital satisfaction; for the groups with one child, the subjective well-being is significantly influenced by marital satisfaction and marital conflict simultaneously; for the groups with two children, the subjective well-being is only negatively influenced by marital conflict. With increase in the number of children, the influencing effects of marital satisfaction and marital conflict on subjective well-being present the significant transfer trend from marital satisfaction to marital conflict. There is no linear relationship between the number of children and subjective well-being. The groups with one child have the highest subjective well-being; the groups with two children have the lowest subjective well-being; the groups without child are in the middle. For the groups with two children, the level of marital conflict is significantly higher than the groups without child and those with one child, meanwhile the subjective well-being is only influenced by marital conflict. Hence, the inhibitory effect of marital conflict significantly reduces the level of subjective well-being.
【Keywords】 the number of children; marital satisfaction; marital conflict; subjective well-being; two-child family;
[America] Brehm, S. Intimate Relationships. Guo, H. & Xiao, B. (trans.) Beijing: Posts & Telecom Press, (2005).
Cui, L. Journal of Psychological Science (心理科学), (4) (1995).
Du, X., Chen, W. & Du, J. Chinese Journal of Population Science (中国人口科学), (6) (2002).
Fang, F. & Lv, W. Management World (管理世界), (4) (2009).
Geng, D. South China Population (南方人口), (3) (2013).
Liu, J. Chinese Journal of Population Science (中国人口科学), (S1) (2013).
Mu, Z. & Xie, Y. Sociological Studies (社会学研究), (6) (2014).
Su, P. Youth Studies (青年研究), (7) (2007).
Wang, Q. Population Journal (人口学刊), (4) (2015).
Xu, A. & Ye, W. Social Sciences in China (中国社会科学), (1) (1998).
Zhang, C. Population & Economics (人口与经济), (5) (2011).
Zhang, J. & Fang, X. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology (中国临床心理学杂志), (3) (2011).
Zheng, Z., Chen, H., Peng, X. & Yang, L. Population & Economics (人口与经济), (4) (2018).
Aassve, A., A. Goisis & M. Sironi 2012, “Happiness and Childbearing Across Europe.” Social Indicators Research 108 (1).
Baranowska, A. & A. Matysiak 2011, “Does Parenthood Increase Happiness? Evidence for Poland.” Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 9 (1).
Blanchflower D. G. & A. J. Oswald 2000, “Well-being over Time in Britain and the USA.” Journal of Public Economics 88 (7).
Carr, D., V. A. Freedman & J. C. Cornman et al. 2014, “Happy Marriage, Happy Life? Marital Quality and Subjective Well-Being in Later Life.” Journal of Marriage and Family 76 (5).
Catarina, S. & F. Lino 2008, “The Problem of Immigration and Contemporary Spanish Detective Fiction.” Aoyama Journal of Economics 6 (2).
Chapman, B. & C. Guven 2016, “Revisiting the Relationship Between Marriage and Wellbeing: Does Marriage Quality Matter?” Journal of Happiness Studies 17 (2).
Cohn, D. A. & A. Others 2016, “Working Models of Childhood Attachment and Marital Relationships.” Journal of Family Issues 13 (4).
Diener, E. 1984, “Subjective Well-Being.” Psychological Bulletin 95 (3).
Doss, B. D., G. K. Rhoades & S. M. Stanley et al. 2009, “Marital Therapy, Retreats, and Books: The Who, What, When, and Why of Relationship Help-Seeking.” Journal of Marital & Family Therapy 35 (1).
Dush, C. M. K. & M. G. Taylor 2012, “Trajectories of Marital Conflict across the Life Course: Predictors and Interactions with Marital Happiness Trajectories.” Journal of Family Issues 33 (3).
Easterlin, R. A. 2001, “Income and Happiness: Toward a Unified Theory.” Economic Journal 111 (473).
Feldman, H. & M. Feldman 1975, “The Family Life Cycle: Some Suggestions for Recycling.” Journal of Marriage & Family 37 (2).
Fincham, F. D. 2010, “Marital Conflict: Correlates, Structure, and Context.” Current Directions in Psychological Science 12 (1).
Glenn, N. D. 1975, “The Contribution of Marriage to the Psychological Well-being of Males and Females.” Journal of Marriage & Family 37 (3).
Ito, Y., J. Sagara & M. Ikeda 2004, “Marital Relationship, Occupational Life, and Subjective Well-being of Married People.” Shinrigaku Kenkyu 75 (5).
Johnson, D. R., L. K. White & J. N. Edwards et al. 1986, “Dimensions of Marital Quality toward Methodological and Conceptual Refinement.” Journal of Family Issues 7 (1).
Karney, B. R. & T. N. Bradbury 1995. “The Longitudinal Course of Marital Quality and Stability: A Review of Theory, Method, and Research.” Psychological Bulletin 118 (1).
Kohler, H. P., J. R. Behrman & A. Skytthe 2005, “Partner + Children = Happiness? The Effects of Partnerships and Fertility on Well-Being.” Population & Development Review 31 (3).
Mackey, R. A., M. A. Diemer & B. A. O’Brien 2000, “Conflict-management Styles of Spouses in Lasting Marriages.” Psychotherapy Theory Research Practice Training 37 (37).
Marcaurelle, R., C. Bélanger & A. Marchand 2003, “Marital Relationship and the Treatment of Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia: A Critical Review.” Clinical Psychology Review 23 (2).
Mclanahan, S. & J. Adams 1987, “Parenthood and Psychological Well-Being.” Annual Review of Sociology 13 (13).
Patrick, H., C. R. Knee, A. Canevello & C. Lonsbary 2007, “The Role of Need Fulfillment in Relationship Functioning and Well-being: A self-determination Theory Perspective.” Journal of Personality & Social Psychology 92 (3).
Pushkar, D., D. Bye & M. Conway et al. 2014, “Does Child Gender Predict Older Parents’ Well-being?” Social Indicators Research 118 (1).
Rosen-Grandon, J. R., J. E. Myers & J. A. Hattie 2011, “The Relationship between Marital Characteristics, Marital Interaction Processes, and Marital Satisfaction.” Journal of Counseling & Development 82 (1).
Senik, C. 2002, “When Information Dominates Comparison: A Panel Data Analysis Using Russian Subjective Data.” Social Science Electronic Publishing 88 (3).
Siffert, A. & B. Schwarz 2011, “Spouses’ Demand and Withdrawal During Marital Conflict in Relation to Their Subjective Well-being.” Journal of Social & Personal Relationships 28 (2).
Stutzer, A. 2004. “The Role of Income Aspirations in Individual Happiness.” Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 854 (1).