Neighborhood effect of adolescent development in Chinese cities and towns

SUN Lunxuan1

(1.School of Educational Science, Tianjin Normal University)

【Abstract】The characteristics of residential areas could have important influences on adolescents' life attitude and social behavior. However, regarding whether these influences exist and their functioning mechanisms behind, there still lack examination and presentation from Chinese data. Based on the data from China Education Panel Survey (2013–2014) , this study has found the neighborhood effect of different types of community on adolescent development: the unit community has higher level of collective socialization than neighborhood community; the commercial residential community has higher level of social control than neighborhood community. These could lead to the differences in self-educational expectation and peers’ progress level among adolescents, and consequently influence the development of cognitive ability. These findings reveal the attribute of community situation in adolescent education. They have significant theoretical and realistic implications for understanding and promoting the comprehensive development of Chinese adolescents in the transformation period.

【Keywords】 adolescent development; neighborhood effect; social control; collective socialization;

【DOI】

Download this article

(Translated by HAN Xueting)

    Footnote

    [1]. ① After testing the influence of community types on the three channel variables, we will use nested model to test whether the three channel variables have substantial influence with cognitive ability as the development index of adolescents. [^Back]

    References

    Chen, Z., Lu, M. & Chen, J. Fudan Journal (Social Sciences Edition) (复旦学报 (社会科学版)), (5) (2012).

    Hou, H. & Li, C. Population Research (人口研究), (2) (2013).

    Jin, D. & Yang, Y. Journal of Guizhou University (贵州大学学报 (社会科学版)), (6) (2014).

    Li, G. The Journal of Jiangsu Administration Institute (江苏行政学院学报), (2) (2007).

    Li, X. & Zheng, L. Journal of Educational Studies (教育学报), (3) (2016).

    Liu, X. & Xia, Y. Youth Studies (青年研究), (3) (2018).

    Luo, L. Chinese Journal of Sociology (社会), (4) (2007).

    Qi, D., Jiang, J. & Zhang, G. Journal of Zhongnan University of Economics and Law (中南财经政法大学学报), (4) (2016).

    Jiang, Y. Urban Problems (城市问题), (5) (2013).

    Wen, Z. & Ye, B. Advances in Psychological Science (心理科学进展), (3) (2014).

    Wu, Y. & Huang, C. Social Sciences in China (中国社会科学), (4) (2016).

    Yu, H., Zhang, S. & Zhao, S. Peking University Education Review (北京大学教育评论), (1) (2016).

    Yu, L. & Zhan, Y. Journal of Finance and Economics (财经研究), (8) (2018).

    Zhao, Y. & Hong, Y. Sociological Studies (社会学研究), (5) (2012).

    Brooksgunn, Jeanne et al. 1993, “Do Neighborhoods Influence Child and Adolescent Development?” American Journal of Sociology 99 (2).

    Chaselansdale, P. Lindsay et al. 1999, “Young African American Multigenerational Families in Poverty: The Contexts, Exchanges, and Processes of their Lives.” Gunn.

    Chetty, R. et al. 2016, “The Effects of Exposure to Better Neighborhoods on Children: New Evidence from the Moving to Opportunity Experiment.”American Economic Review 106 (4).

    Fordham, S. et al., 1986, “Black Students' School Success: Coping with the ‘Burden of Acting White’.” Urban Review 18 (3).

    Ingrid, Gould Ellen et al., 1997, “Does Neighborhood Matter? Assessing Recent Evidence.” Housing Policy Debate 8 (4).

    Massey, D. S. et al. 1991, “Segregation, the Concentration of Poverty, and the Life Chances of Individuals.” Social Science Research 20 (4).

    Ogbu, J. U. 2004, “Collective Identity and the Burden of ‘Acting White’ in Black History, Community, and Education.” Urban Review 36 (1).

    Owens, A. 2010, “Neighborhoods and Schools as Competing and Reinforcing Contexts for Educational Attainment.” Sociology of Education 83 (4).

    Sharkey, P. 2013, Stuck in Place: Urban Neighborhoods and the End of Progress toward Racial Equality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    Small, M. L. et al. 2001, “Urban Poverty after the Truly Disadvantaged: The Rediscovery of the Family, the Neighborhood, and Culture.” Annual Review of Sociology 27 (1).

    Wilson, W. J. 1991, “Studying Inner-city Social Dislocations: The Challenge of Public Agenda Research: 1990 Presidential address.” American Sociological Review 56 (1).

    Wodtke, G. T. & M. Parbst 2017 “Neighborhoods, Schools, and Academic Achievement: A Formal Mediation Analysis of Contextual Effects on Reading and Mathematics Abilities.” Demography 54 (5).

    Wodtke, G. T., D. J. Harding & F. Elwert 2016, “Neighborhood Effect Heterogeneity by Family Income and Developmental Period.” American Journal of Sociology 121 (4).

This Article

ISSN:1008-1437

CN: 11-3280/C

Vol , No. 06, Pages 31-38+92

November 2018

Downloads:0

Share
Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Literature review and research assumption
  • 2 Data source and research design
  • 3 Research result
  • 4 Conclusion
  • Footnote

    References