Child parenting in urban two-child family: resources allocation and raising style

XU Zhening1

(1.Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences Institute of Social Science)

【Abstract】Based on the survey data from Questionnaire on Family Parenting among the Parents of Primary School Students in Shanghai, this study tries to explore whether raising two-child could dilute the family resources, the raising features of two-child family and the influencing factors. According to the results, in the process of raising children in two-child family, there exists some dilution effect in economic resources, but the allocation of educational resources might not decrease due to raising two children. Compared with one-child parents, two-child parents are more satisfied with parent-child relationship, and they have more active evaluation of the children’s individuality. Regarding the different types of two-child family, the parents rearing two boys have more negative parenting experience, while the parents rearing two girls have more positive parenting experience. In addition, the factors including the educational level of parents, parenting role, birth order and negative life events could influence raising the two-child.

【Keywords】 birth order; parenting differences; economic resources; educational resources;


【Funds】 the National Social Science Fund of China (13BRK009)

Download this article

(Translated by MO Yingqi)


    [1]. ① In foreign studies, there are several possibilities for the number of children attributed to the differences in the fertility policy. Therefore, they are not specialized in two-child parenting, yet the research method and content still provide a good reference for this study. [^Back]

    [2]. ① The negative life events are compiled by reference to the Life Event Scale (LES) (Yang and Zhang, 1990). [^Back]


    Bao, L. Social Science (社会科学), (5) (2012).

    Chen, H., Zhao, L. & Wu, C. Advances in Psychological Science (心理科学进展), (3) (2014).

    Fan, Z. Theory and Practice of Education (教育理论与实践), (2) (2016).

    Feng, X. Jianghai Academic Journal (江海学刊), (5) (2002).

    Feng, X. & Li, F. Journal of Chinese Academy of Governance (国家行政学院学报), (1) (2006).

    Feng, X. & Wang, X. Journal of Chinese Youth Social Science (中国青年社会科学), (2) (2016).

    Gan, Y. Journal of Guangzhou University (Social Science Edition) (广州大学学报(社会科学版)), (3) (2015).

    Gong, J. & Zhong, Z. Youth Studies (青年研究), (3) (2005).

    Gu, H. & Yang, Q. Macroeconomics (宏观经济研究), (5) (2014).

    Li, L. & Yang, S. Educational Research (教育研究), (7) (2016).

    Li, M., Zhao, L. & Tang, H. Journal of Agrotechnical Economics (农业技术经济), (5) (2006).

    Liang, H. & Xu, X. Heilongjiang Foreign Economic Relations & Trade (黑龙江对外经贸), (8) (2011).

    Liu, B., Zhang, Y. & Li, J. Youth Studies (青年研究), (6) (2014).

    Lyu, C.

    Peng, X. Probe (探索), (1) (2016).

    Shen, S. master’s thesis, East China Normal University, (2015).

    Song, J. Population & Economics (人口与经济), (4) (2016).

    Wang, G. Academia Bimestris (学海), (1) (2016).

    Xiao, F. & Feng, X. Academic Journal of Zhongzhou (中州学刊), (4) (2010).

    Xu, An. & Liu, W. Chinese Journal of Population Science (中国人口科学), (3): (2003).

    Yang, D. & Zhang, Y. Behavioral Medicine (行为医学). Changsha: Hunan Normal University Press, (1990).

    Yuan, X. Population Journal (人口学刊), (5) (2016).

    Zhang, Y. Journal of Zhengzhou University (Philosophy and Social Sciences Edition) (郑州大学学报(哲学社会科学版)), (1) (2009).

    Zhou, Y. & Liao, P. Journal of Education & Psychology (教育机会), (20) (1997).

    Becker, G. S. & H. Gregg Lewis 1974, “On the Interaction between the Quantity and Quality of Children.” Journal of Political Economy 81 (2).

    Becker, G. S. 1960, “An Economic Analysis of Fertility, Demographic and Economic Change in Developed Countries: A Conference of the Universities.” National Bureau Committee for Economic Research 209.

    Blake, J. 1981, “Family Size and the Quality of Children.” Demography 18 (4).

    Downey, D. B. 1995, “When Bigger is not Better: Family Size, Parental Resources and Children’s Educational Performance.” American Sociological Review 60 (5).

    ——2001, “Number of Siblings and Intellectual Development: The Resource Dilution Explanation.” American Psychologist 56 (6–7).

    Ekert-Jaffé, O., H. Joshi &K. Lynch 2002, “Fertility, Timing of Births and Socio-economic Status in France and Britain.” Population 57.

    Hotz, V. J. & J. Pantano 2015, “Strategic Parenting, Birth Order, and School Performance.” Journal of Population Economics 28 (4).

    Long, Haiying & Weiguo Pang 2016, “Family Socioeconomic Status, Parental Expectation and Adolescents’Academic Achievements: A Case of China.” Educational Research and Evaluation 22.

    Someya, Toshiyuki et al. 2000, “Effects of Gender Difference and Birth Order on Perceived Parenting Styles, Measured by the EMBU Scale, in Japanese Two-sibling Subjects.” Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences 54 (1).

    Wu, Qiong 2015, “Sibship Size and Children’s Family Resources: Findings from a Nationally Representative Survey in China.” Journal of Early Adolescence 4.

This Article


CN: 11-3280/C

Vol , No. 06, Pages 26-35+91-92

November 2017


Article Outline


  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Data and methodology
  • 3 Results and analysis
  • 4 Conclusions and discussions
  • Footnote