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乡-城流动人口就业部门分割及职业地位

刘丹1 雷洪1

(1.华中科技大学社会学院)

【摘要】本研究使用2013年流动人口动态监测数据, 以乡-城流动人口的就业状况为研究对象, 首先考察四个就业部门的收入、工作时间、社会保障获得和工作类型;然后分析资本对进入四个就业部门及对职业地位获得的影响。研究发现:乡-城流动人口的就业存在部门分割的状况;在乡-城流动人口中, 其知识人力资本增加他们进入正式劳动力市场的机会, 也有利于在正式劳动力市场获得高的职业地位;其政治资本是有限的, 政治资本只增加他们进入体制内劳动力市场的机会, 也只有利于在体制内劳动力市场获得高的职业地位;其社会资本中的弱关系更能增加他们进入正式劳动力市场的机会, 但在体制内劳动力市场中, 社会资本并不有利于高职业地位的获得。

【关键词】 就业部门分割;职业地位;人力资本;政治资本;社会资本;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 国家社会科学基金项目“流动人口市民化的风险评估与对策研究” (16BRK030) 的阶段性成果;

Employment of rural-urban migrants: segmentation between sectors and occupational status

LIU Dan1 LEI Hong1

(1.Department of Sociology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology)

【Abstract】Based on the data from the dynamic monitoring of migrants in 2013, this study takes the employment condition of the rural-urban migrant population as the research object. We first explore the income, working hours, acquisition of social security and work type in four employment sectors; then analyze the influences of capital on entry into four employment sectors and acquisition of occupational status. According to the findings, there exists the sector segmentation in rural-urban migrant population’s employment. For the rural-urban migrant population, their knowledge and human capital would increase their opportunity to enter into the formal labor market, and would be beneficial to achieve higher occupational status in the formal labor market. Their political capital is limited. The political capital could only increase their opportunity to enter into the labor market within the system, and could only be beneficial for them to achieve higher occupational status in the labor market within the system. The “weak tie” in the social capital could enhance their opportunity to enter into the formal labor market. However, in the labor market within the system, the social capital is not beneficial to achieve higher occupational status.

【Keywords】 segmentation between employment sectors; occupational status; human capital; political capital; social capital;

【DOI】

【Funds】 National Social Science Foundation of China (16BRK030) ;

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This Article

ISSN:1008-1437

CN: 11-3280/C

Vol , No. 06, Pages 1-10+91

November 2016

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Background and research questions
  • 2 Study design
  • 3 Segmentation between the sectors employing rural-urban migrants
  • 4 Impacts of rural-urban migrants’ capital on their entries into employment sectors
  • 5 Impacts of rural-urban migrants’ capital on access to occupational status in different employment sectors
  • 6 Conclusion and discussion
  • References