(2.三峡库区地表过程与环境遥感重点实验室, 重庆 401331)
【摘要】为了揭示土地流转下异质性农户的生计资本整合特征, 该文基于267户流转农户调查数据, 将农户划分为稳定型纯农户、非农化纯农户、稳定型兼业户、非农化兼业户和稳定型弃农户, 在此基础上, 分析了异质性农户生计资本差异, 并采用雷达图、生计资本扰动指数与生计资本增长指数, 剖析了异质性农户生计资本整合的方向、强度及效益。结果表明:1) 土地流转前, 非农化纯农户和非农化兼业户在人力资本、生活资本、金融资本和社会资本上占优势, 稳定型纯农户和稳定型兼业户在自然资本和生产资本上占优势;2) 土地流转后, 非农化纯农户和非农化兼业户侧重整合人力资本、金融资本和社会资本, 而稳定型纯农户和稳定型兼业户侧重整合生产资本, 稳定型弃农户整合方向不明显。3) 生计资本扰动指数非农化纯农户 (0.169) >非农化兼业户 (0.144) >稳定型纯农户 (0.124) >稳定型兼业户 (0.105) >稳定型弃农户 (0.098) , 生计资本整合强度非农化农户高于稳定型农户;4) 生计资本增长指数非农化兼业户 (0.135) >非农化纯农户 (0.120) >稳定型兼业户 (0.094) >稳定型弃农户 (0.093) >稳定型纯农户 (0.088) , 生计资本整合效益非农化农户亦显著优于稳定型农户。研究结果将有助于加深对农户生计资本整合与土地流转互动机制的认识, 以期为促进土地顺畅流转实现“失地/得地”农户的生计可持续化政策制定提供参考。
【关键词】 土地利用; 农村; 土地流转; 农户生计; 生计资本; 生计转型;
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