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组织惯例复制的情境嵌入——基于组织双元性的视角

陈彦亮1 高闯2

(1.山东工商学院国际商学院, 山东烟台 264005)
(2.首都经济贸易大学工商管理学院, 北京 100070)

【摘要】组织惯例复制作为一种价值创造的战略日益受到学界的关注,但情境与惯例的互动博弈而引致的复制低效或失效则成为当前“复制困境”理论与实践的关键议题。传统研究着重从外部情境切入,保持对惯例复制的宏观层面分析,本研究则将组织惯例复制视为一种内生性政治进程,强调个体机构和管理的自由裁量权等内源性情境要素的作用机理,由此尝试揭示惯例复制微观机制进程中的情境嵌入机理。本文首先对组织惯例复制的情境依赖机制进行了梳理,指出内部情境嵌入是组织惯例复制的核心,而后引入全新的分析单位——特定业务单元,以展示和刻画复制进程中的“组织情境魔力”,进一步以“理性计算还是情感耦合”和“高管团队介入还是放任”作为业务单元特性维度表述了惯例复制过程中的情境差异性。区分并阐述了惯例复制的两种形态:精准的完全复制和适应性的漂移复制,阐述了两种形态的惯例复制在不同情境机制下对利用性能力和探索性能力的差异性匹配需求,然后结合组织双元性能力培育的四种途径创建了一个二维四象限的组织惯例复制模型,实现了结构双元、情景双元、领导双元和集成双元与组织情境(业务单元特性)的匹配适应。

【关键词】 惯例复制;情境嵌入;业务单元;双元性;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 国家社会科学基金青年项目“中国企业海外拓展进程中的组织惯例复制机理研究”(15CGL027); 国家社会科学基金项目“新时代企业家精神培育的双螺旋驱动机制、路径及对策研究”(18VSJ084);

Contextual embeddedness of replication of organizational routines: an analysis from the perspective of organizational ambidexterity

CHEN Yanliang1 GAO Chuang2

(1.International Business School, Shandong Technology and Business University, Yantai, Shandong, China 264005)
(2.College of Business Administration, Capital University of Economics and Business, Beijing, China 100070)

【Abstract】Replication of organizational routines, as a value creating strategy, is receiving extensive attention from the academia. The interaction and gaming between contexts and routines, which result in failed or ineffective replication, have become a critical subject relating to replication dilemma both in theory and practice. Traditional studies focused on external contexts and maintained analysis on replication of routines at the macro level. In this study, replication of organizational routines was considered as an endogenous political process. The working mechanism of individual entities and management discretion as endogenous contextual factors were emphasized, based on which, we tried to reveal the mechanism of contextual embeddedness during replication of routines at the micro level. Firstly, we reviewed the mechanism whereby replication of organizational routines relies on contexts. We then pointed out internal contextual embeddedness is the key to replication of organizational routines. Following that, we introduced a completely new unit of analysis, namely, characteristics of business units, to demonstrate and illustrate the magic power of organizational contexts during replication. Furthermore, we used rational calculation or emotional coupling and whether the top management team intervenes or let it be as two dimensions to describe business units’ characteristics and contextual differences during replication of routines. Two forms of replication of routines were differentiated and described in this study, namely, precise complete replication and adaptable drift of replication. They require different matching between exploitation and exploration capabilities in different contexts. Based on four paths to developing organizational ambidexterity, we created a model consisting of two dimensions and four quadrants to depict replication of organizational routines to achieve the adaptive matching between structural ambidexterity, contextual ambidexterity, leadership ambidexterity and integrated ambidexterity and organizational contexts (characteristics of business units), respectively.

【Keywords】 replication of routine; contextual embeddedness; business unit ; ambidexterity;

【DOI】

【Funds】 The National Social Science Fund of China (15CGL027); The National Social Science Fund of China (18VSJ084);

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This Article

ISSN:1002-5766

CN: 11-1047/F

Vol 42, No. 03, Pages 89-101

March 2020

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Brief review of context-based theories about replication of organizational routines and determination of the study subject
  • 3 Analysis of characteristics of business units
  • 4 Replication of routines and organizational ambidexterity
  • 5 The matching mechanism among characteristics of business units, ambidexterity, and replication of organizational routines
  • 6 Conclusion and implication
  • References