Developmental peace: a Chinese approach to UN peacekeeping and peacebuilding
【Abstract】For a long time, what has dominated the United Nations peacekeeping and peacebuilding is the norm of liberal peace born out of the experiences of Western civilization. Liberal peace emphasizes institutional building but pays inadequate attention to the economic and social development. As a consequence, United Nations peacekeeping and peacebuilding often sustains a virtual peace. The experiences of China’s peaceful rise gave birth to the norm of developmental peace. China’s foreign aid and economic activities have spread the developmental peace internationally and had an impact upon the normative regime of the United Nations peacekeeping and peacebuilding. Developmental peace believes that under the condition of political and social stability, economic development should be the first priority. Economic development can drive a state’s comprehensive development and thereby address the root causes of domestic conflicts of the host countries of United Nations peacekeeping and peacebuilding. Developmental peace takes seriously what is ignored by liberal peace, and the two norms of peace are complementary to each other. A rising China is not merely a norm taker or learner in United Nations peacekeeping and peacebuilding, but also a norm contributor and advocator. Developmental peace is China’s approach to United Nations peacekeeping and peacebuilding.
【Keywords】 international politics; the UN; peacekeeping; peacebuilding; Chinese approach; liberal peace; developmental peace;
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