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探寻通往人类命运共同体的全球化之路——全球治理的政治经济学思考

周宇1

(1.外交部)
【知识点链接】金融时报; 威瑞森通信

【摘要】全球化带来了难以想象的经济繁荣, 但也造成了日益严重的社会不平等。面对甚嚣尘上的逆全球化思潮, 有必要从政治经济学的视角思考全球治理问题, 因为发展关乎经济, 发展成果分配则关乎政治。本文梳理了逆全球化的表现, 指出全球化使国与国之间的贫富差距得到大幅改善, 但一国之内的贫富差距问题却日益突出。经济分化引发政治极化, 当各国民粹主义政客将经济问题政治化, 把自身问题归咎于他国, 便有了国际层面的逆全球化乱象。本文从经济、政治制度和国际秩序等方面分析了逆全球化的成因, 指出要弥合技术变革造成的经济分化, 解决制度供给与改革需求的错配, 摆脱全球经济治理的“两难悖论”, 即全球化的世界经济与以民族国家为基础的治理体系之间的矛盾, 需要对市场与政府的边界进行再定位, 对自由民主制进行再思考, 以人类命运共同体为出发点对全球治理路径进行再探索, 让全球化再出发。

【关键词】 全球化;逆全球化;全球治理;人类命运共同体;“一带一路”;

【DOI】

In search of a new paradigm of globalization toward a community with a shared future for mankind: observations on global governance from the perspective of political economy

ZHOU Yu1

(1.Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China)

【Abstract】Globalization has brought about unprecedented prosperity, but has also resulted in growing inequality. In the face of the rising trend against globalization, it is necessary to approach global governance from the perspective of political economy, as development is about economics, but distribution is about politics. By tracing the evolution of the anti-globalization trend, this article argues that while globalization has greatly narrowed the wealth gap among countries, the wealth gap within countries has kept widening. Economic differentiation has led to political polarization. When populist politicians in some countries opt to politicize economic problems and blame foreign countries for domestic problems as a political expediency, we see a collective wave against globalization at the international level. The article also analyzes the root causes of anti-globalization. They include the narrowing down economic differentiation caused by technological progress, getting rid of the mismatch between the institutional supply and the reform demands, and the “dilemma paradox” of global economic governance, namely, the conflict between the borderless world economy and the global governance system based on nation-state. To solve those problems, we need to find a new paradigm of globalization that is more inclusive. To that end, we must recalibrate the role of the market and the government in the economy, rethink the universal applicability of liberal democratic system, and make efforts to build a community with a shared future for mankind to improve global governance.

【Keywords】 globalization; anti-globalization; global governance; a community with a shared future for mankind; the Belt and Road Initiative;

【DOI】

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This Article

ISSN:1007-0974

CN: 11-3799/F

Vol , No. 06, Pages 117-128+7

November 2018

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Abstract

  • 1 From globalization to anti-globalization
  • 2 Perspectives on cause of anti-globalization
  • 3 Recalibration of globalization
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