Green supply chain under the APEC framework: progress and prospects

XIE Laihui1

(1.National Institute of International Strategy, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)

【Abstract】In the 2014 APEC conference, the green supply chain issue has taken a crucial step forward, although in the long term, it is only the beginning. Green supply chain corresponds to the strategic demand for developing environmental protection policy in China in the new era. Connecting supply chain with sustainable development helps China reduce its ecological footprint, which is also of great significance for realizing the green transformation worldwide. To promote green supply chain cooperation, we should make full use of the APEC framework and other platforms, based on the principles and norms of the green supply chain actively explore operating practice and its institutionalization in bilateral, regional and multilateral international cooperations: to implement its principles and norms in the construction of the “One Belt and One Road,” and to explore green supply chain management in the international trade.

【Keywords】 green supply chain; global value chain; principles and norms; Green Silk Road;

【DOI】

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(Translated by LIU Yao)

    Footnote

    [1]. [1] More details of related concepts refer to: Payman Ahi and Cory Searcy, “A Comparative Literature Analysis of Definitions for Green and Sustainable Supply Chain Management”, Journal of Cleaner Production, 2013, 52(1), 329-341; Noor A. Seman, Norhayati Zakuan, Ahmad Jusoh and Mohd Arif,“Green Supply Chain Management: A Review and Research Direction”, International Journal of Managing Value and Supply Chains, 2012, 3(1), pp.1-18. [^Back]

    [2]. [1] Andre Dua and Daniel C. Esty, Sustaining the Asia Pacific Miracle: Economic Integration and Environmental Protection, Washington, D. C.: Institute for International Economics, 1997. [^Back]

    [3]. [2] The first APEC Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Environment was held in Vancouver, in which it proposed that APEC should take the lead in dealing with global environmental issues and affirmed the role of the market economy in achieving sustainable development. The meeting of eminent persons group (EPG) in August, 1994, proposed to encourage all members to “integrate national product standards, develop and share environmentally sound technology, jointly sponsor stable environment development project, seek for international consensus on the principles of internalizing the costs of environmental protection.” The 1996 “Manila Declaration” determined the six prior areas of economic and technical cooperation, one of which is to promote sustainable economic growth of environmental protection. In 1996, APEC convened the second Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Environment in Manila, where it proposed three topics as the focus of environmental cooperation: the marine environment, the clean technology and production, and the sustainable cities. In 2007, at the 15th APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting held in Sydney, Australia, climate change and clean development were the top one agenda. [^Back]

    [4]. [3] Among the 11 Working Groups set up by APEC, the Marine Resources Conservation Working Group, the Energy Working Group and the Fisheries Working Group and the like, are all related to environmental protection, but by contrast, the other Working Group carried out activities more frequently. Although the APEC Energy Working Group implemented a lot of projects, but none of them is a sustainable development project. [^Back]

    [5]. [4] In the meantime, APEC also raised environmental cooperation issues that reflect regional policy priorities, but it seems no obvious progress. In addition, although APEC held a Senior Officials’ Meeting on Sustainable Development in 2006, but the results of the meeting were only to share between APEC members the sustainability information of international organizations and national associations; it did not determine ambitious goals. [US] Economy, Elizabeth C. The river runs black: the environmental challenge to China’s future, Jiang, Z.(trans.) Jiangsu People’s Publishing House, 196 (2011). [^Back]

    [6]. [5] In the 2010 Yokohama meeting, with the active promotion of the United States, the green growth was included in the APEC development agenda. The 2011 and 2012 APEC annual meetings held in the United States and Russia respectively also responded to this theme. In 2012, the APEC Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Environment was held again in Khabarovsk, Russia after a lapse of 15 years. In the 2013 annual meetings held in Indonesia, APEC once again expressly proposed three major themes, one of which is to promote “fair and sustainable growth.” [^Back]

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    [10]. [3] Steven J. Davis, Glen P. Peters and Ken Caldeira,“The Supply Chain of CO2 Emissions”, Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences, 2011, 108(45), pp. 18554-18559. [^Back]

    [11]. [1] According to the 2013 China’s foreign direct investment statistics bulletin, Chinese enterprise direct investment in overseas extractive industries in 2013 was totaled USD 24.81 billion, accounting for 23% of China’s total foreign direct investment; the M&A transaction in mining sector amounted to USD 34.23 billion, accounting for 64.7%. In addition, from the investment stock point of view, by the end of 2013, China’s total foreign direct investment in the mining sector was USD 106.17 billion, accounting for 16.1%, only behind the renting and business services and finance sectors. [^Back]

    [12]. [2] In the United States where the environmental impact assessment was first born, big companies have used the written complex environmental impact assessment report as a means to respond to the potential legal claims of environmentalists. “The United States environmental impact argument becomes lengthy and incomprehensible document which is designed to prevent the relevant institutions’ claims on building projects without serious allegations of environmental considerations.” Quoted from [Australia] John S. Dryzek. The Politics of the Earth: Environmental Discourses, Lin X. & Guo, C.(trans.) Shandong University Press, 91 (2008). [^Back]

    [13]. [1] Raphael Kaplinsky, Anne Terheggen and Julia Tijaja, “China as a Final Market: The Gabon Timber and Thai Cassava Value Chains”, World Development, 2010, 39(7), pp.1177-1190. [^Back]

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    [17]. [1] Susanne Freidberg,“Calculating Sustainability in Supply Chain Capitalism”, Economy and Society, 2013, Vol. 42, No. 4, pp.571-596. [^Back]

    [18]. [2] Apple Inc. declared in 2015 that the energy consumption of the supply chain amounted to almost 60 times Apple’s own facilities; now it promised that it would increase the consumption of renewable energy up to 100%. The Wall Street Journal, May 15, 2015. [^Back]

    [19]. [3] V. Anbumozhi and Y. Kanda, “Greening the Production and Supply Chains in Asia: Is There a Role for Voluntary Initiatives?” Kansai Research Centre Discussion Paper KRC-2005-No.6E, Institute for Global Environmental Strategies(IGES), Japan, 2005. [^Back]

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    [21]. [1] LI, X., Zhu, Y., & Lan Y. Environment and Sustainable Development (环境与可持续发展). (6):113–115 (2013). [^Back]

    [22]. [2] But because of the insufficient participation into the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), these developing countries are lack of discourse power when formulating the standards. Jennifer Clapp, “The Privatization of Global Environmental Governance: ISO 14000 and the Developing World”, Global Governance, Vol. 4, pp. 295–316. [^Back]

    [23]. [3] Toshi H. Arimura, N. Darnall and H. Katayama, “Is ISO 14001 a Gateway to More Advanced Voluntary Action? The Case of Green Supply Chain Management”, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 2011, 61(2), pp. 170-182. But in the literature, there generally exist controversial issues, as different empirical studies may vary by country. [^Back]

    [24]. [1] Early literature highlighted the role of international trade in the global proliferation of ISO14001 certification. Aseem Prakash and Matthew Potoski, “Racing to the Bottom?Trade, Environmental Governance, and ISO 14001”, American Journal of Political Science, 2006, 50(2), pp. 350-364. [^Back]

    [25]. [1] Zhu Qinghua, James Cordeiro and Joseph Sarkis, “International and Domestic Pressures and Responses of Chinese Firms to Greening”, Ecological Economics, 2012, Vol. 83, pp. 144-153. [^Back]

    [26]. [2] Haitao Yin, Chunbo Ma, “International Integration: A Hope for a Greener China?”, International Marketing Review, 2009, Vol. 26, No. 3, P. 358. [^Back]

    [27]. [3] IS014001 certification only stressed and regulated the bottom line that the company must comply with government environmental policy, but the specific results of implementation will depend on government inspection. Haitao Yin, Chunbo Ma, “International Integration: A Hope for a Greener China?”, International Marketing Review, 2009, Vol. 26, No. 3, pp. 348-367. By contrast, some research simply believes that once joining ISO14001 certification the company will improve environment. For example, Zhang, S. & Bu, L. Finance & Trade Economics (财贸研究), (2): 70–78 (2015) [^Back]

    [28]. [4] For more information about ISO 14000:2015, visit www.iso.org. [^Back]

    [29]. [1] R.O. Large and C.G. Thomsen, “Drivers of Green Supply Chain Management Performance: Evidence from Germany”, Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, Vol.17, 2011, pp. 176-184. [^Back]

    [30]. [2] In which, it explicitly requires “improve the standard system, speed up the development and amendments of a number of standards in the aspects of energy consumption, water consumption, land consumption, pollutant emission, environmental quality and so on, implement energy efficiency and pollution intensity ‘leader’ system, accelerate the pace of upgrading the standard.” Xinhua News Agency: The Decision of the CPC Central Committee and State Council on Accelerating the Construction of Ecological Civilization. 2015-4-25. [^Back]

    [31]. [1] For the path of building the Green Silk Road, see Xu, H. Path Study of Green Silk Road Economic Belt: Agricultural Modernization in Central Asia, the Aral Sea Governance and New Energy Development (绿色丝绸之路经济带的路径研究:中亚农 业现代化、咸海治理与新能源开发). Fudan University Press, (2014). [^Back]

    [32]. [1] Dani Rodrik,“What the World Needs from the BRICS?”, Project Syndicate, April 10,2013. [^Back]

This Article

ISSN:1007-0974

CN: 11-3799/F

Vol , No. 06, Pages 132-147+7-8

November 2015

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Progress of green supply chain issues
  • 2 Green supply chain and China
  • 3 Prospects of green supply chain issues
  • 4 Conclusion
  • Footnote