Side-by-side Chinese-English

对华大宗商品出口、产品空间关联与“一带一路”沿线国家出口产品比较优势提升

孙楚仁1 易正容2

(1.广东外语外贸大学广东国际战略研究院)
(2.西南财经大学国际商学院)

【摘要】中国与“一带一路”沿线国家大宗商品的贸易不仅为中国大宗商品行业参与世界市场的竞争提供机会与平台,也为沿线国家的经济发展创造新的机遇。本文从产品空间结构的角度考察了中国从“一带一路”沿线国家进口大宗商品对这些国家产品出口比较优势的影响。研究结果表明:一国的某种产品与中国从该国进口的大宗商品在产品究竟上越邻近,中国从该国进口的大宗商品越多,该国该产品下一期的显示性比较优势越大;与出口大宗商品到世界其他国家相比,“一带一路”沿线国家出口大宗商品到中国更有利于其出口产品比较优势的提升。本文的研究结果有力支持了“一带一路”倡议的“合作共赢”宗旨。

【关键词】 “一带一路”;比较优势;大宗商品;产品空间;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 国家社会科学基金重大项目“‘一带一路’区域价值链构建与中国产业转型升级研究”(18ZDA039); 上海市教育委员会、上海市教育发展基金会2014年度〈曙光计划〉项目“我国城市比较优势研究”(14SG51); 国家自然科学基金重点项目“中国企业国际化与制度演进”(71832012);

China’s bulk commodity exports, product spatial correlation and the increasing of comparative advantages of the export products of the countries along the Belt and Road

SUN Churen1 YI Zhengrong2

(1.Guangdong Institute for International Strategies, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies)
(2.School of International Business of Southwestern University of Finance and Economics)

【Abstract】The trade between China and the countries along the Belt and Road not only provides platforms and opportunities for China’s bulk commodity industry to participate in the competition of the world market, but also creates new opportunities for the economic development of countries along the Belt and Road. From the perspective of the structure of product space, this paper investigated the impact of China’s import of bulk commodities from the countries along the Belt and Road on the comparative advantages of their exports. The research results show that the closer a country’s exporting product to China’s import of bulk commodities from this country is, the more China’s import of bulk commodities from that country is, and the greater the revealed comparative advantage of the country’s product for the next period will be. Compared with exporting bulk commodities to other countries in the world, exporting bulk commodities to China by countries along the Belt and Road is more conducive to the improvement of the comparative advantages of their export products.

【Keywords】 the Belt and Road Initiative; comparative advantage; bulk commodities; product space;

【DOI】

【Funds】 The National Social Science Fund of China (18ZDA039); Shanghai Municipal Education Commission, Shanghai Education Development Foundation (14SG51); National Natural Science Foundation of China (71832012);

Download this article
    Footnote

    [1]. ① Since the research object of this paper is the comparative advantage of the products of the countries along the Belt and Road, the comparative advantage of the countries along the route is mainly reflected as the export of resource products. According to the HK theory, the products with great proximity with products with comparative advantages are easier to obtain comparative advantages, and if a country expects to have revealed comparative advantages in products, it must have suitable resources and the ability to produce products and export. Thus, this paper chooses to use exported bulk commodities as the representatives of products with comparative advantages. For products that are not exported, most comparative advantage values may be low. In the case of similar proximity, enterprises producing new products should preferentially choose the production technology of products with comparative advantages to imitate. Thus, this paper believes that the influence of products that are not exported on the impact of product proximity on products’ comparative advantages should be small or even negligible. [^Back]

    References

    [1] Han, Y., Luo, X. & Zou, J. World Economy Studies (世界经济研究), (3): 89–98 (2015).

    [2] Chen, Y. Journal of Jixi University (鸡西大学学报), (10): 78–81 (2016)

    [3] Gong, P., Song, Z. & Liu, W. Progress in Geography (地理科学进展), 5(34): 571–580 (2015).

    [4] HAUSMANN R, KLINGER B. The Structure of The Product Space and The Evolution of Comparative Advantage. Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2007.

    [5] HIDALGO C A. The Dynamics of Economic Complexity and The Product Space Over a 42 Year Period. Center for International Development at Harvard University, 2009.

    [6] Deng, X. & Cao, H. China Industrial Economics (中国工业经济), (2): 52–67 (2016).

    [7] BALASSA B. Trade Liberalisation and “Revealed” Comparative Advantage 1. The Manchester School, 1965, 33(2): 99–123.

    [8] HIDALGO C A, HAUSMANN R. The Building Blocks of Economic Complexity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2009, 106(26): 10570–10575.

    [9] Kong, Q. & Chen, W. Journal of International Trade (国际贸易问题), (10): 9–15 (2008).

    [10] Chen, J. Nanjing Business Review (南大商学评论), (4): 45–68 (2012).

    [11] AUTY R M. Industrial Policy, Sectoral Maturation, and Postwar Economic Growth in Brazil: The Resource Curse Thesis. Economic Geography, 1995 (3): 257–272.

    [12] JAMES A G, JAMES R G. Do Resource Dependent Regions Grow Slower than They Should? Economics Letters, 111(3): 194–196 (2011).

    [13] POLLINS B M. Conflict, Cooperation, and Commerce: The Effect of International Political Interactions on Bilateral Trade Flows. American Journal of Political Science, 1989, 33(3): 737–761.

    [14] ZHANGJ, VAN WITTELOOSTUIJN A, ELHORST J P. China’s Politics and Bilateral Trade Linkages. Asian Journal of Political Science, 2011, 19(1): 25–47.

    [15] ARMSTRONG S P. The Politics of Japan-China Trade and The Role of The World Trade System. World Economy, 2012, 35(9): 1102–1120.

    [16] BAILEY M, STREZHNEV A, VOETEN E. Estimating Dynamic State Preferences from United Nations Voting Data. Social Science Electronic Publishing, 2017, 61(2): 430–456.

    [17] Chenery. 工业化和经济增长的比较研究. Shanghai: Shanghai Sanlian Bookstore, (1989).

    [18] FEDER G. On Exports and Economic Growth. Journal of Development Economics, 12(1): 59–73 (1983).

    [19] Xu, H. & Luan, Y. The Journal of Quantitative & Technical Economics (数量经济技术经济研究), 22(9): 103–111 (2005).

    [20] MASKUS K E, PENUBARTI M. How Trade-Related are Intellectual Property Rights? Journal of International Economics, 1995, 39(3–4): 227–248.

This Article

ISSN:1002-4670

CN:11-1692/F

Vol , No. 12, Pages 76-90

December 2019

Downloads:10

Share
Article Outline

Abstract

  • Introduction
  • 1 Literature review and theoretical basis
  • 2 Main variable measurement indicators and data processing
  • 3 Empirical model and results
  • 4 Robustness analysis
  • 5 Endogeneity problems
  • 6 Analysis on the differences between the export of bulk commodities to China and the export to other countries by countries along the Belt and Road
  • 7 Conclusion and policy implication
  • Footnote

    References