外交出访会影响一国的出口贸易吗

赵永亮1 唐丹丹1 魏瑶瑶1

(1.暨南大学经济学院)

【摘要】本文借助扩展的贸易引力模型,选取2010—2017年中国和100个贸易伙伴的数据,实证检验了中国和贸易伙伴之间国家首脑、政府外长出访对贸易伙伴向中国出口的影响。研究结果表明:国家首脑、政府外长出访对出口具有溢出效应;国家首脑出访、双边互访、单边主动出访、双边访问依次比政府外长出访、单边访问、单边来访、多边访问对外贸有着更为显著的促进作用;国家首脑、政府外长出访对贸易的影响具有国家异质性。本文的研究为理解国家之间外交和贸易的关系提供了证据,为各国通过外交沟通营造和谐的国际贸易环境提供了理论支持。

【关键词】 国家首脑出访; 外交; 出口; 贸易伙伴;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目“珠三角集群及大湾区建设背景下企业邻居效应研究”(19JNKY03) 广东省普通高校人文社会科学重点研究基地创新培育项目“外向型企业转型升级研究”(12JHQ026)

Download this article

    脚注

    [1]. (1)中华人民共和国外交部网址:http://www. fmprc. gov. cn/web/wjdt_674879/wsrc_674883/。 [^Back]

    [2]. (2)世界银行发展指标数据库(WDI):http://data. worldbank. org/data-catalog/world-development-indicator。 [^Back]

    [3]. (3)CEPII数据库:http://www. cepii. fr/CEPII/en/bdd_modele/bdd. asp。 [^Back]

    [4]. (1)限于篇幅并未列出实证检验结果,如需要可向作者索取。 [^Back]

    [5]. (2)限于篇幅并未列出实证检验结果,如需要可向作者索取。 [^Back]

    [6]. (3)限于篇幅并未列出实证检验结果,如需要可向作者索取。 [^Back]

    References

    [1]MOONS S,BERGEIJK P. A Meta-analysis of Economic Diplomacy and Its Effect on International Economic Flows[R].Working Paper,2013(566):1-34.

    [2]蔡洁,陈军亚.中美贸易发展对两国政治关系的影响[J].经济评论,2011(3):117-124.

    [3]金灿荣,戴维来.构建中美新型大国关系的条件探索[J].世界经济与政治,2014(3):50-70.

    [4]迟永.中国对外贸易提高了他国外交政策相似度吗[J].世界经济与政治,2015(12):131-154.

    [5]POLLINS B M. Does Trade Still Follow the Flag[J].American Political Science Review,1989,8(2):465-480.

    [6]MORRISET J. Does a Country Need a Promotion Agency to Attract Foreign Direct Investment? A Small Analytical Model Applied to 58 Countries[R]. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3028,World Bank,Washington D. C,2003:1-45.

    [7]VOLPE M C,CARBALLO J. Export Promotion Activities in Developing Countries:What Kind of Trade do They Promote?[J].The Journal of International Trade&Economic Development,2011,21(4):1-40.

    [8]NITSCH V. State Visits and International Trade[J].World Economy,2007,30(1):1797-1816.

    [9]ROSE A. The Foreign Service and Foreign Trade:Embassies as Export Promotion[J].World Economy,2007,30(1):22-38.

    [10]VAN B,YAKOP M. The Economic Effectiveness of Diplomatic Representation:An Economic Analysis of Its Contribution to Bilateral Trade[J].The Hague Journal of Diplomacy,2011,6(1):101-120.

    [11]GIL S,Ll ORCA R,SERRANO J. Measuring the Impact of Regional Export Promotion:The Spanish Case[J].Papers in Regional Science,2008,87(1):139-146.

    [12]AIDT T S,MARTIN G. Do Autocratic States Trade Less?[J].World Bank Economic Review,2010,24(1):38-76.

    [13]HART M. Canadian Engagement in the Global Economy[R].A Canadian Priorities Agenda:Policies to Improve Economic and Social Well-Being,IRPP.

    [14]HEAD K,RIES J. Do Trade Missions Increase Trade?[J]. Canadian Journal of Economics,2010,43(2):754-775.

    [15]DEARDORFF A V. Determinants of Bilateral Trade:Does Gravity Work in a Neoclassical World?[R].NBER Working Paper,1998(5377):1-27.

    [16]GRINBLATT M,KELOHARJU M. How Distance,Language,and Culture Influence Stockholdings and Trades[J].The Journal of Finance,2001,56(3):1053-1073.

    [17]PLOUFFE M,STERREN R. Trading Representation:Diplomacy’s Influence on Preferential Trade Agreements[J].The British Journal of Politics and International Relations,2016,18(4):889-911.

    [18]GRAY J,POTTER P. Diplomacy and the Settlement of International Disputes[R].https://ssrn. com/abstract=3012639,2017.

    [19]KOSTECKI M,NARAY O. Commercial Diplomacy and International Business[R].Clingendael Discussion Paper in Diplomacy,the Hague,Clingendael Institute,2007.

    [20]NARAY O. Commercial Diplomats in the Context of International Business[J].The Hague Journal of Diplomacy,2010(6):121-148.

    [21]MElITZ M J. The Impact of Trade on Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity.[J].Econometrica,2003,71(6):211-242.

    [22]宋伟.中国的周边外交:多边主义还是双边主义[J].上海交通大学学报,2015(4):6-13.

    [23]宋凌云,王贤斌.政府补贴与产业结构变动[J].中国工业经济,2013(4):94-106.

    [24]ESLAVA M,HALTIWANGER J,KUGLER A,KUGLER M. Trade and Market Selection:Evidence from Manufacturing Plants in Colombia[J].Review of Economic Dynamics,2013(16):135-158.

This Article

ISSN:1002-4670

CN: 11-1692/F

Vol , No. 09, Pages 54-68

September 2019

Downloads:10

Share
Article Outline

摘要

  • 引言
  • 一、文献综述
  • 二、理论机制及理论模型
  • 三、计量模型设计、指标选取与数据来源
  • 四、实证检验
  • 五、结论与建议
  • 脚注

    参考文献