人力资本结构、相对工资与国际移民的收入分配效应

范兆斌1,2

(1.暨南大学国际商学院)
(2.暨南大学国际金融与商务研究所)

【摘要】作为经济全球化的重要组成部分,国际人口迁移对于收入分配不平等的影响近年来引起越来越多的关注。本文首先在内生性人力资本框架下,构建跨期叠代增长模型分析熟练劳动力国际迁移长期中影响目标国收入分配不平等的理论机制。分析显示,外国熟练劳动力移民一方面会影响目标国当地熟练劳动力与非熟练劳动力的收入差距,产生人力资本“相对收入效应”,另一方面会影响目标国当地熟练劳动与非熟练劳动力的相对比重,产生人力资本“结构效应”,因此国际移民活动对于目标国收入分配不平等的影响取决于人力资本“结构效应”与“相对收入效应”的净效应。然后,本文以OECD国家2000-2011年的数据为基础,运用动态面板数据模型,对国际移民活动与目标国收入分配不平等的关系进行了系统GMM检验。实证结果显示,外国移民短期中会降低目标国的收入不平等程度,长期中则会提高目标国的收入不平等程度。

【关键词】 国际移民; 人力资本; 相对工资; 收入不平等;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 国家社科基金项目“国际人口迁移、人力资本结构与中等收入陷阱研究”(13BRK013) 教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地项目“华侨华人在中国新时期经济国际化战略中的作用研究”(HRHQ201401) 广东省国家级重大培育项目“经济国际化的动态效应与多元稳态经济增长路径研究”(2014GWXM004)的资助

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This Article

ISSN:1002-4670

CN: 11-1692/F

Vol , No. 09, Pages 14-28

September 2015

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Article Outline

摘要

  • 引言
  • 一、基本模型:不存在跨国移民
  • 二、国际移民与收入分配不平等
  • 三、实证分析:动态面板数据模型估计
  • 四、主要结论
  • 参考文献