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高铁开通、要素流动与区域经济差距

卞元超1 吴利华1 白俊红2

(1.东南大学经济管理学院 211189)
(2.南京师范大学商学院 210023)

【摘要】以往研究在考察高铁与区域经济增长关系的过程中, 忽视了高铁对区域经济差距的影响, 也缺乏对高铁开通背景下要素在区域之间流动现象的关注。在对当前中国高铁开通背景下区域经济增长格局的经验事实进行分析的基础上, 本文从要素流动的视角, 详细阐述了高铁开通对区域经济差距的影响机理, 并以是否开通高铁作为一项“准自然实验”, 采用2004—2014年中国287个地级市的数据, 对高铁开通与区域经济差距的关系进行了考察。研究发现, 考察期内, 高铁开通能够通过要素流动对区域经济差距产生显著的正向影响, 即高铁开通能够拉大区域经济差距, 产生极化效应。高铁开通显著扩大了省会城市的经济差距, 但是对非省会城市的影响效应是不显著的。高铁开通对区域经济差距的影响具有显著的时间效应, 高铁开通的极化效应在整体上呈现出先递增再递减的趋势。

【关键词】 高铁开通;区域经济差距;要素流动;倾向得分匹配倍差法;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 国家社会科学基金重点项目“供需两侧政策协同下我国传统制造企业绿色转型的引导机制研究” (17AGL005) ;

High-speed rail, factor flow and regional economic gaps

BIAN Yuanchao1 WU Lihua1 BAI Junhong2

(1.School of Economics & Management, Southeast University 211189)
(2.School of Business, Nanjing Normal University 210023)

【Abstract】The previous literature on the relationship between high-speed rails and regional economic growth has ignored the impact of high-speed rails on the regional economic gaps and the phenomenon of factor flow among regions. By analyzing the empirical facts of China’s regional economic growth pattern in the context of high-speed rails, and from the perspective of factor flow, this paper elaborated on the impact mechanism of high-speed rails on regional economic gaps in detail. Meanwhile, this paper studied the impact of high-speed rails on regional economic growth gaps through a qusai-natural experiment of whether to open high-speed rails and based on the data of China’s 287 cities in 2004–2014. According to the study, we found that high-speed rails had a significant positive effect on the regional economic gaps through the factor flow; that is to say, the opening of high-speed rails could widen the regional economic gaps and produce polarization effect. Besides, the opening of high-speed rails significantly expands provincial capitals’ economic gaps, but the effect on non-provincial capitals is not significant. At last, the impact of high-speed rails on the regional economic gaps is characterized by a significant time effect, and the polarization effect shows a trend of increasing and then decreasing.

【Keywords】 high-speed rail; regional economic gaps; factor flow; propensity score matching and difference in differences methods;

【DOI】

【Funds】 National Social Science Fund Key Project (17AGL005);

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This Article

ISSN:1002-8102

CN: 11-1166/F

Vol 39, No. 06, Pages 147-161

June 2018

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Empirical fact and impact mechanism analysis
  • 3 Model construction and variable selection
  • 4 Results of analysis, and discussion
  • 5 Further analysis: the time effect of high-speed rail opening affecting regional economic gaps
  • 6 Conclusion and enlightenment
  • References