The match between intrinsic values of the Chinese martial art and the human development theory
(2.College of P.E. and Sports, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China 100875)
【Abstract】As a big brand of Chinese culture, the intrinsic value of Chinese Wushu needs to be recognized by the world. This research discussed the process of Chinese Wushu turning to sports, and explored the relationship between the theory of Chinese Wushu and the theory of human development on the basis of putting forward the original principle of Chinese Wushu by using literature review method mainly. Research shows that: through the encounter history of Chinese Wushu turning into sports step by step in near modern times, it can be found that Wushu has the function of physical education but isn't entirely physical in essence. Wushu is a kind of Chinese-type attacking culture which belongs to Chinese nation and gradually formed in the struggle of production and life. When we look at the whole Chinese Wushu from the perspective of human development using the historical and logical vision, its body-building, self-defense and entertainment culture of humanistic value fits closely with the unremitting pursuit of human development theory on “healthy life,” “personal self-esteem and human rights,” “knowledge and decent living” and “choice or free.” Mining and exploring the deep connection and correspondence on “human development” and Chinese Wushu can help to improve and deepen the understanding of the two aspects.
【Keywords】 Chinese martial arts; theory of human development; intrinsic value; sport orientation; body building and fitness keeping; attack and self defense; entertainment and culture; humanistic value;
 Ruan, J. Journal of Chengdu Sport University (成都体育学院学报), (1): 28–30 (1990).
 Xiang, Y. master’s thesis, Central China Normal University, 9 (2011).
UNDP:Human Development Report 1990[A].New York and Oxford:University Press, 1990.
UNDP:Human Development Report 1990[A].New York and Oxford:University Press, 2004.
 Pang, P. 文化的民族性和时代性. Beijing: China Peace Press, 1983.
 Li, Z. Introduction to Chinese Culture (中国文化概论). Guangzhou: Zhongshan University Press, 1988.
 Ji, X. 三十年河东三十年河西. Beijing: Contemporary China Publishing House, 180 (2006).
 Ran, X. Journal of Chengdu Sport University (成都体育学院学报), (1): 43–48 (2014).
 Wang, G. & Zhang, D. Journal of Chengdu Sport University (成都体育学院学报), (6): 1–7 (2013).
 Wang, G., Pan, D. & Bao, L. Journal of Shanghai University of Sport (上海体育学院学报), (5): 27–32 (2009).
 Qiu, P.中国武术文化散论. Shanghai: Shanghai People’s Publishing House, 85, 189 (2007).
 Qiao, F. Philosophy of Wushu (武术哲学). Beijing: Social Science Academic Press (China), (2007).
 Chen, G. Journal of Wuhan Institute of Physical Education (武汉体育学院学报), (3): 51–55 (2008).
 Ma, W. Journal of Beijing Sport University (北京体育大学学报), 38(2): 38–42, 71 (2015).
 Sen, A. Development as Freedom. Ren, J. & Yu, Z. (trans.) Beijing: China Renmin University Press, 30–43 (2002).