Current situation and improvement path of social capital of sports associations in municipalityies directly under the central government of China
(2.Department of Physical Education, Hanshan Normal University, Chaozhou, Guangdong Province, China 521041)
(3.School of Physical Education & Sports Science, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China 510006)
【Abstract】With the deepening of the management system reform of sports associations in China, the ability of using social capital is very important to the healthy development of sports associations. As the economic and social development level are at forefront of the country, the sports association of municipalities directly under the central government has inherent advantages in the use of social capital, which has typical prospective significances on the cultivation and utilization of social capital in sports associations in China. Based on this, this paper analyzes the current situation of social capital of sports association in our 4 municipalities directly under the central government from the 3 dimensions including structural social capital, relational social capital and cognitive social capital by using the methods of literature review, Delphi method and questionnaires synthetically. The main results are as follows: under the favorable environment of national association policies, the cultivation and utilization of social capital of sports association in municipalities directly under the central government show good posture, but there are still some problems need to be solved, which focus on optimizing the structure, improving the quality and strengthening the operation of the social capital of sports association. On this basis, this paper puts forward the way to improve the social capital of sports associations in China from 3 aspects, that is, self-development of sports associations, the characteristic cultivation and effective operation of social capital of sports associations, which provides a reference for the rational use of social capital and the enhancement of hematopoietic capacity under the new situation.
【Keywords】 sports association; social organization; social capital; social network; municipality directly under the central government; system construction;
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