Thoughts on the development orientation of Chinese professional sports institutes: reform and development of sports institutes
【Abstract】In the history of sport academy, there has always been a dispute between “sport” and “teach,” which is a problem of development orientation, and also a problem of dynamic development which needs continuous exploration. In 1950s, the school orientation of the initial stage of China's higher sport academy was mainly based on sports, from which the development needs of our country, education and physical education. Since then, the orientation of sport academy were “attacked” twice, by which the formation of the whole nation system (sports system) from 60 to 70s and the biased education in the development of the “popularization” of higher education. The sport academies faced many difficulties, such as the large and whole of majors, dilution of industry characteristics, dispersion of power and dilution of educational resources. Under the background of deepen comprehensive reform in the fields of sports and higher education, as the industry characteristic universities, how to maintain and strengthen the characteristics of running schools and how to realize the sustainable development was a major issue must to be considered and planed. (1)Adjust and optimize the strategic layout, and actively serve the national strategic needs; (2)Undertake the mission of cultivating elite sports talents in the reorientation of sports system function; (3)Taking sport events as the core, establish the sports discipline system in order to provide intellectual support for the national and industry development; (4)Introduce and promote new projects in order to make contributions to enrich the development of sport events in China. The reform and development of professional sport academy should embody more important value and play a more important role in the historical process of promoting our country from a major sports country to a world sports power.
【Keywords】 professional sport academy; reform and development; sports field; higher education; sports system; education system; personnel training; think tank construction;
 Luo, Y. China’s Top Universities and Discipline Construction (中国重点大学与学科建设). Beijing: China’s Social Sciences Publishing House, 4 (2005).
 Li, C. Chronicle of Events in Talent Work in People’s Republic of China(1949-2004); Pan, C., Wang, L. & Wang, X. Report on China’s Talent Development (中国人才发展报告). Beijing: Social Sciences Literature Publishing House, 2, (2005).
 Tang, M., Feng, G. Witnessing Olympics (见证奥林匹克). Beijing: Xinhua Publishing House, (2007).
 Yang, H., Wang, G., Huo, H. et al. Journal of Beijing Sport University（北京体育大学学报）, 26 (1): 6–9 (2003).
 Chen, N. Study on Operation Characteristics and Model of Higher Physical Education Institutions. Chengdu: Sichuan Education Publishing House (高等体育院校办学特性和模式的研究), (2005).
 He, X. 50 Years of the People’s Republic of China Physical Education (新中国体育五十年). Jinan: Shandong Education Publishing House, (1999).
 Yang, H. Journal of Chengdu Sport University (成都体育学院学报), 37(1): 1-5 (2011).
 Chi, J. The 10th National Sports Science Congress, (2015).
 Zhou, X. Sports Science (体育学). Chengdu: Sichuan Education Publishing House, 54, (1988).
 Mi, J. Sports and Science (体育与科学), (5): 106, (2012).