West Asia and Africa,No. 02
【Abstract】 The long history of Russia-Turkey relations could date back to the 16thcentury when the long-lasting Russian-Turkish wars in European history began. From the First World War to the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the Russia-Turkey relations have experienced confrontation, intimacy, friction and pragmatic cooperation. After the Cold War, especially since the 21stcentury, the two countries changed their historical relations dramatically, and began a new stage of strategic cooperation relationship. During this period, the quick change from cooperation to confrontation and from conflict to cooperation, not only shows the solid foundation of their shared interests, as well as the urgency and feasibility of each other’s needs, but also indicates the strategic and tenacity of Russia-Turkey relations. Meanwhile, external strategic environment plays a very important role in these relationship adjustments. For a long time, the strategic alliance between Turkey and the West and Turkey-Russia strategic partnership will coexist peacefully.
Chinese Journal of European Studies,Vol 36,No. 02
【Abstract】 Turkey’s state governance during Erdogan’s Era demonstrates obvious characteristics of both independence and contradiction. The uncertainties which are manifest in both its domestic and foreign policies have led to the polarization of the readings and comments in Western political and academical circles. A large extent of misreading of Erdogan’s governance can be commonly seen in the West’s comments, which are resulted from not only the contrasting behaviors expressed in Erdogan’s own governance, but also from the West’s preconceptions on the development model of Turkey according to its own philosophy. The misreading by the West is a reflection of the views of Western centralism. The essence of Erdogan’s governance is in effect to rectify Turkey’s domestic and foreign policies based on its own religion, history and the changing international patterns. The rectification is of so great magnitude that it can be rated as the state governance during Erdogan’s Era. It constitutes a deep-rooted paradox between Erdogan’s choice of Turkey’s own development model and the view of Western centralist. There exists as well a contrast between Turkey’s Westernization history in the past and the current self-centered development model, which reflects a fundamental division between Turkey and the West at present.
West Asia and Africa,No. 02
【Abstract】 The Turkish army is not only the most important armed forces in the country, but also a political and economic actor. Through studying the economic activities of the Turkish army, we can thoroughly understand the unique position and role of the army in Turkish national affairs. The military has been involved in business since 1961 through the Turkish Armed Forces Assistance (and Pension) Fund (OYAK). The tremendous economic growth of OYAK is due to the economic privileges of the military and its capital accumulation strategy. Furthermore, Turkish military business has a high degree of autonomy and is relatively formal. Meanwhile, Turkish military business profoundly impacts the civil-military relations, economic development and social structure in Turkey. On the one hand, it strengthens the military’s economic power and political power, and improves the military’s social status; on the other hand, it decreases the military’s professionalism in a certain extent. Since the Justice and Development Party came into power, it has strengthened its ability to control the military, but the economic role of the military is still strong. However, Erdoan has centralized political power to an unprecedented degree, and the government is likely to strengthen control of the military economy.