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The Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road

The Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road

Analysis of competition and cooperation on the new Silk Road among China, the United States and India

GAN Junxian

Northeast Asia Forum,Vol 24,No. 01

【Abstract】 China, the United States and India have developed different strategies in constructing the new Silk Road. The U.S. mainly aims to protect its achievements in the Afghanistan war and to serve its strategy in Central Asia and South Asia so as to maintain its world hegemony; while China and India take the new Silk Road as a way for trade expansion, energy supply and cultural communication. Among the three countries’ new Silk Road strategies, the Indian strategy is more similar to that of the U.S. and their directions are also more consistent; while the Chinese strategy is more inclusive and sustainable. If the three countries can cooperate well with each other in the new Silk Road construction, Asian integration will be motivated. On the contrary, vicious competition will cause geopolitical turbulence in Asia. China should try to avoid geopolitical risks and give priority to the cross-border transportation construction with neighboring countries that have established good political relations with China, constantly promoting the building of the new Silk Road.

Silk Road Economic Belt: a strategy or a tactic to support the Chinese Dream

LI Xing

Northeast Asia Forum,Vol 24,No. 02

【Abstract】 The Silk Road Economic Belt and the Chinese Dream are not isolated, but highly correlated. The essence of establishing the Silk Road Economic Belt is to balance the development both in the East and the West, in the North and the South, and in the sea and on land, and also to achieve connectivity between home and abroad. It is an innovation in China’s neighborhood diplomacy and also a diplomatic priority of China. Besides, it will be the strategic support and guarantee of the achievement of the Chinese Dream. Building this Silk Road Economic Belt requires us to utilize historical connections to serve for the present, win political support with economic development, use land transportation as an alternative to shipping, and balance the disadvantage in sea power with advantage in land power. The Silk Road Economic Belt is not a simple replicate of the ancient Silk Road, but it is extended and enriched into the national grand strategy towards future and thoughtful tactic of China.

Trade potential of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road and its determinants: an empirical research based on stochastic frontier gravity model

TAN Xiujie;Zhou Maorong

Journal of International Trade,No. 02

【Abstract】 To jointly establish the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road is the important strategy to promote a new round of China's opening up and realize joint development of countries along the Road, and international trade is the foundation and link of this strategy. This paper estimates trade potential of major countries along the Maritime Silk Road with the stochastic frontier gravity model, and analyzes the determinants based on one-step estimation. The results indicate that, trade efficiency of the Maritime Silk Road appears on an increasing trend, and China still has great potential in terms of export to countries along the Road. In order to further improve the trade efficiency, China should accelerate the negotiation of free trade area, reduce tariff and non-tariff barriers, improve the level of trade facilitation, increase maritime connectivity, promote transport infrastructure, and strengthen cooperation on preventing financial risks.

Southwest geopolitical situation and new strategy of “Southern Silk Road”

WANG Zhimin

Northeast Asia Forum,Vol 23,No. 01

【Abstract】 Southeast Asia is located in the “rimland,” and South Asia is located on the boarder of “heartland” and rimland. Since China is a geo-economic and geo-political power across and connecting the heartland and the rimland, it has maintained a mutual reliance relationship with Southeast Asia and South Asia both geo-economically and geo-politically. Southeast Asia and South Asia are of great value for China both in resources and in geopolitics. At the same time, they can gain unique geo-economic and geopolitical profits by taking China’s development potential and its geo-advantage of lying in the heartland. Economic integration, which is based on geopolitical relations, has been promoting China’s economic cooperation with Southeast Asia and South Asia, and expanding Chinese economic development. Construction of Southern Silk Road economic belt, which aims at opening up Southwest channels and gaining direct land access to both Pacific and Indian Oceans, has become a major strategic decision for opening up in southwestern China.

Building China-Central Asia Free Trade Area: With the initiative of “New Silk Road”

LIU Zhizhong

Northeast Asia Forum,Vol 23,No. 01

【Abstract】 [6] Wang, X. The strategy of Opening up to the west and establishment of China and Central Asia Free Trade Zone. Seek Truth From Facts (2) (2012)

Strategic vision for Sino-Russian cooperation on the 21st Century northeast Maritime Silk Road

LI Jingyu;ZHANG Chenyao

Northeast Asia Forum,Vol 24,No. 03

【Abstract】 Focusing on building a new platform for the China-Russia comprehensive strategic partnership of cooperation, President Xi Jinping has proposed twice to Russia to participate in the construction of Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road in 2015 and has received a positive response from President Putin. Therefore, the cooperation on developing the 21st Century northeast Maritime Silk Road should be put on the agenda. To achieve this, it is necessary to consider the background of Sino-Russian cooperation in developing the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, analyze the reality of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, and come up with the targeted strategies to promote cooperation between China and Russia on the 21st Century northeast Maritime Silk Road. These strategies include: focusing on the overall strengthening of cooperation in the maritime sector and enriching the connotation of bilateral strategic partnership of cooperation; relying on two countries’ associated coastal areas to co-develop the 21st Century northeast Maritime Silk Road; focusing on economic globalization and freedom of navigation and actively cooperating to improve the infrastructure; solving financial difficulties and jointly exploring the development bank for the 21st Century northeast Maritime Silk Road; strengthening cooperation in scientific research and laying the foundation for the 21st Century northeast Maritime Silk Road; building strategic cooperation platform for the Maritime Silk Road and taking the lead in creating the World Ocean Cities Headquarters. Only if these efforts continue, can we gradually open up the cooperation of the 21st Century northeast Maritime Silk Road and make historic contributions to the economic prosperity of the Asia and Europe regions.

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