Sociological Studies,Vol 30,No. 01
【Abstract】 This paper develops theoretical and empirical explanation of satisfaction with the government through the case study in disaster recovery after the Wenchuan earthquake. In the case of Wenchuan, satisfaction with the government has two characteristics: the one is dissatisfaction with the central government is always higher than that with the local government; the other is satisfaction with central and local governments both decline in the process of rebuilding. This paper argues that appraisal of the central government is based on legitimacy, while appraisal of the local government is based on effective governance; as a result, satisfaction with central government is always higher than the local government. The decline of satisfaction with the local government is related to the decline of life satisfaction due to the deviations and goal displacement in policy implementation processes. The decline of satisfaction with the central government is due to its ineffective governance on local government for their collusions and compromises.
Grain logistics under emergencies*: the decision-making framework for the emergent allocation of grain reserves based on scenario responses
Chinese Rural Economy,No. 12
【Abstract】 In order to strengthen China’s grain reserve logistics capability, this paper systematically illustrated how logistics could better guarantee the security of grain from the perspective of evolution and development. This paper also put forward the concept of grain logistics under emergencies, and subdivided its functions and activities. We finally summarized the decision-making framework of the emergent allocation and delivery of grain reserves under emergencies in China. The framework took the scenario construction as the policy guide, the logistics preparation as the decision-making guarantee, the information system as the decision-making support, and scenario understanding, plan design and action implementation as the decision-making steps, thus pursuing the coordination and integration of multi-targets including timeliness, economy and reliability to ensure the grain security under emergencies. Among them, the scenario construction emphasized the deduction process with a combination of data collections from multiple channels and forward and backward logical inference, while the logistics preparation emphasized the system upgrade of organizations, carriers, information and other logistics factors. The decision-making steps emphasized the sequential characteristics of scenario understanding, plan design and action implementations, and formed a circular structure with the scenario evolution.
The spread of plague and environmental disturbance in a vulnerable environment: a case study of the Shaanxi cholera outbreak in 1932
Historical Research,No. 02
【Abstract】 From the 1920s to the 1930s, affected by climate warming in the mid-latitude zone in the northern hemisphere, China suffered from frequent climatic disasters. In 1932, a mass outbreak of cholera occurred in 23 provinces. The epidemic was notable for the broad area affected and for a particular concentration in the inland provinces. The total death toll in Shaanxi reached 200,000, reflecting the fragility of the province’s natural and social environment and the process by which cholera and other exogenous infectious diseases spread inland. The Shaanxi cholera epidemic in 1932 was a critical turning point in the spread of infectious diseases from east to west. The epidemic was a direct result of modern economic expansion, and can thus be seen as a new dimension in the exploration of the modernization of the inland provinces.