Sponsored by Institute of Quntitative & Technical Economics Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
ISSN 1000-3894 CN 11-1087/F
12 issues per year
Discipline(s): Economics & Finance
Current Issue: Issue 06, 2015
The Journal of Quantitative & Technical Economics is supervised by Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and sponsored by Institute of Quantitative & Technical Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. It aims to reflect the latest development in the field of quantitative economics and technical economics in China, and to promote the cutting-edge research in the two disciplines. Its scope covers the method, theory and application of quantitative economics and technical economics. The Journal is included in CSSCI.
Li Fuqiang, Qi Jianguo, Li Xuesong
Vol 32,No. 06
Based on the inter-regional input-output table of China in 2007 and from two viewpoints, namely producer responsibility and consumer responsibility, this paper investigates the CO2 emissions by region and sector and analyzes the differences in the impacts on the sectoral and regional competitiveness in China between the carbon tax based on producer responsibility and that based on consumer responsibility. It is found that there exists a “carbon leakage” from the relatively developed southeast coastal areas to the relatively underdeveloped northwest and northeast areas. Compared with the taxation based on producer responsibility, the taxation based on consumer responsibility can greatly reduce the negative impacts on underdeveloped areas like the northwest and northeast areas as well as those on the competitiveness of relevant sectors and simultaneously avoid causing a big increase in the burden of the developed southeast coastal areas and relevant sectors. The policy implication of this paper is that when the government divides the CO2 emission responsibility among different regions and different industries, not only the producer responsibility but also the consumer responsibility shall be taken into consideration. Such practice is consistent with the requirement for fairness in responsibility sharing, and can also coordinate the interests of all stakeholders so as to achieve optimal emission reduction.
On China's interregional differences in the efficiency of state-owned, private and foreign-funded industrial enterprises
Vol 32,No. 06
Using the panel data about industrial enterprises in 30 Chinese provinces from 2001 to 2011 and the method of data envelopment analysis based on the Färe-Primont index of total factor productivity (TFP), this paper measures the overall efficiency, TFP growth and decomposition elements of TFP growth for every province's state-owned, private and foreign-funded industrial enterprises, and matches Chinese industrial enterprises with four development modes respectively. The results show that the respective mean overall efficiency of foreign-funded and private enterprises is always higher than that of state-owned enterprises. Meanwhile, industrial enterprises possess different efficiency advantages. Private enterprises have advantages in technical efficiency and scale efficiency; state-owned enterprises, though are with low-level technical efficiency, have a remarkable trend of growth and foreign-funded enterprises have advantages in scope efficiency. The enterprises all had a large increase in the TFP during 2001–2011, mainly due to substantial technology improvement. In terms of the number of provinces in which one of the three types of enterprises is with high efficiency and high speed development, foreign-funded enterprises rank first, followed by private enterprises and state-owned enterprises, and the polarization trend among regions is obvious.
Vol 32,No. 06
We establish a semi-logarithmic model of regional economic development determination and use Chinese provincial panel data from 2001 to 2011 as a sample to decompose the contribution of marketization to interregional economic development difference by the Shapley value method. Then, we discuss the mechanism that allows the market-oriented reform to widen interregional economic development inequality. It is found that the average contribution rate of the market-oriented reform is 13.18%, which indicates the marketization difference is an important reason for the imbalance of regional economic development. A threshold effect exists in terms of the market-oriented reform’s influence on regional economic development, namely that the reform’s promotion effects on economic development is strong in developed areas but weak in less developed areas. This kind of Matthew effect which makes the developed areas more developed is the internal mechanism that contributes to interregional economic development gaps.
Vol 32,No. 06
Based on the connotation of the Chinese style urbanization which is dominated by the government and empirical analysis on provincial panel data of 2002–2012, we get the following conclusions: in terms of the difference in urbanization, the respective contribution rates of intra-provincial and inter-provincial disparity have stabilized at around 50%; unified urbanization strategy is the main cause for the difference in urbanization, and its effecting mechanism and channels tend to be solidified; and the effects of the guiding strategic layouts are significant, which empirically verify the existence of gradients in regional urbanization and path dependence in the remolding of the urbanization situation. Therefore, in order to achieve the goal of nationally integrated urbanization, in the future eastern coastal provinces at high urbanization level shall promote the strategy of town-based urbanization in depth, while central and western inland provinces at low urbanization level could continue implementing the strategy of city-based urbanization.
Vol 32,No. 06
This article, based on the data of 2004–2013 regarding 7 indicators of new-type urbanization, combines principal component analysis and factor analysis to test spatial autocorrelation of these 7 indicators and to establish a comprehensive evaluation system measuring the level of new-type urbanization. Through the panel data models, this article sets indicators from 3 perspectives, namely financial scale, financial efficiency and financial structure, to measure the effects of financial factors on the development of new-type urbanization in 31 provinces of China during 2004–2013. The results show that China’s overall urbanization is growing, with the gaps among the regions being enlarged, and financial support is an important factor affecting the level of new-type urbanization. In future, a variety of measures, including increasing investment from financial institutions in infrastructure construction during urbanization, increasing financial support for rural-urban industrial integration, and improving financial institutions’ service for urbanization, shall be adopted to promote China’s new-type urbanization and sustainable development.