Sponsored by Jilin University
ISSN 1004-129X CN 22-1017/C
6 issues per year
Discipline(s): Sociology & Demography
Current Issue: Issue 05, 2018
This journal is one of the earliest journals on population science in China. It is issued worldwide and indexed by CSSCI, and it is listed as the national Chinese core periodicaland the core periodical on population science.
Wang Xiaofeng, Wang Huabo
Wang Guangzhou, Wang Jinying, Yi Hao, Tian Yipeng, Sun Changzhi, Zhu Yu, Zhang Shiwei, Qiu Hong, Lu Jiehua, Chen Yingzi, Li Shuzhuo, Fan Lida, Yang Chenggang, Yang
An analysis on the loss and cause of highly-educated talent in Northeast China—based on the graduate employment data of Jilin University from 2013 to 2017
Vol 40,No. 05
The highly educated population is the human resource base for economic growth, industrial upgrading and technological progress. In recent years, the loss of highly educated population in Northeast China has become an important factor that restricts economic development in the northeast. Based on the graduate employment data of Jilin University from 2013 to 2017, this paper used the panel Logit model and the Ordered Logit model to analyze the causes of the loss of highly educated population in the northeast and its impact on the major-industry relevance, combining the individual variables of graduates and the macro-economic situation. The study found that males with high education degree had a higher degree of loss than females. Graduates from Northeast China were more willing to stay in Northeast China. Undergraduates and masters were more likely to work in non-northeast. The loss of graduates in natural sciences was more serious than that in social sciences, but the links between the majors they studied and their industries were stronger. Most of the graduates who strongly desired to work in state-owned units would stay in the northeast, and the major-industry correlation was relatively high. Graduates tended to be employed in other regions where the economy was developing at a high rate. Relatively low housing prices in the northeast attracted graduates. Therefore, in order to more effectively retain highly educated population in Northeast China, this paper proposes relevant policy recommendations such as regulating the labor market, government financial support, enterprise reform and development, and introduction of high-tech industries.
Vol 40,No. 05
Marriage is the subject of sociology, anthropology and other social sciences. The rising divorce rate in China has been especially prominent in recent years, which has become a social problem to some extent. With the national divorce rate rising year by year, the divorce rate in Northeast China is similar and different. As a whole area, the divorce rate in the Northeast China is very distinctive. This paper arranges the divorce rate in 31 regions of China in a descending order, according to the two measures of divorce rate. The crude divorce rate in three northeastern provinces has been in the front of the list for a long time, while the divorce-marriage ratio was in the top of the list. Overall, the divorce rate in the Northeast China has increased year by year and has been significantly higher than that of other areas for a long time. The causes of the phenomenon include common reasons and special regional reasons. The common reasons are as follows. Economic development and social progress have changed the function of marriage; the legal process of divorce is simplified and social cost is reduced; the premarital emotional foundation is not enough, while the marriage quality requirement and the outside temptation are increased. The special reasons in the region are mainly as follows. In this area, low birth rate has led to a higher proportion of only children in the marriage-age population; the degree of urbanization is higher, and women are much better educated; the migrant culture in the region makes the outside resistance of divorce become relatively small; the proportion of ethnic minorities is high, the population mobility is relatively high and economic development is backward.
Vol 40,No. 05
In recent years, the disabled elderly in China increase rapidly, which has led to a hot issue in the academic community in China. Therefore, it is necessary for us to evaluate and analyze the financing modes, financing channels and funding scale. These findings will be beneficial to China’s future development of social policies, and will also make the system of long-term care for the disabled elderly in China reasonable and efficient. First of all, this paper studies the rate of the disabled elderly, the scale of the disabled elderly, the level of the disabled elderly, the utilization rate of care for the disabled elderly, and the nursing cost of different nursing methods. Then, it determines the market supply price of long term care in China and collect large sample survey data. Finally, the overall simulation model was used to measure the size of the long-term care fund for the disabled elderly in China from 2015 to 2050. The results can provide reference and basis for the long-term care insurance system for the disabled elderly in China.
A research on the introduction of a sustainable mechanism for basic pension benefit indexation in China: lessons from international cases
Vol 40,No. 05
The indexation mechanism on benefit is one of the fundamental factors for public pension system. Most of the countries have made the legislation on pension benefit adjustment mechanism which normally use the Consumer Price Index or wage growth index as a reference and apply the principals of finance sustainability, distribution, incentive and consistency of policies. To strengthen the sustainability of pension system, some countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development have recently introduced the auto adjustment mechanism on pension benefit indexation which usually incorporates longevity and finance conditions and other factors into consideration. From 2005, China has undergone a process of 13 consecutive adjustments on basic pension benefits. However, a normative mechanism on pension benefit adjustment is not established yet. The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China had announced that “we should act on the policy requirements to help those most in need, to build a tightly woven safety net, and to build the necessary institutions, as we work to develop a sustainable multi-tiered social security system.” The introduction of a normal adjustment mechanism of pension benefits is one of the most important tasks that protects the livelihood of the elders and promotes the sustainability of pension finance. Drawing the international experience, China should also introduce a pension benefit adjustment mechanism based on wage growth index and take dependency ratio and finance conditions into consideration as benchmark factors on pension benefit adjustment. The outcomes on calculation show that a comprehensive adjustment index which includes those two factors is better than the one of single wage index. In addition, to promote the adequacy and sustainability of pension system, other reform measures such as stronger contribution incentive, longer contribution years, postpone of retirement age and the investment of pension funds should be implemented as soon as possible.
Population migration, urbanization and dynamic convergence analysis of urban-rural income gap: evidence from 262 cities
Vol 40,No. 05
From the perspective of city size, using panel data of 262 cities from 2000 to 2016, this article explores the problem of dynamic convergence of urban-rural income gap and analyzes the impact of migration and household registration urbanization on the urban-rural income gap. The results show that the urban-rural income gap has absolute and conditional convergences, the absolute convergence speed of large cities is higher than that of the small- and medium-sized cities, super-large cities and megacities, and that conditional convergence speed of the small- and medium-sized cities is higher than that of large cities, super-large cities and megacities. From the cycle of dynamic convergence, absolute or conditional convergence speed in the whole cycle shows a decline trend. Conditional convergence speed gradually catches up the absolute convergence speed in large cities, super-large cities and megacities, while there is an opposite situation in small- and medium-sized. Further analysis of the factors affecting the urban-rural income inequality shows that population inflow can narrow the income gap by the mechanism of urbanization, and smooth urbanization can narrow the income gap. At present, the household registration urbanization in large cities is relatively difficult, while that in small cities is relatively easy. Household registration urbanization is more conducive to narrowing the urban-rural income gap in small cities with less than 5.2648 million people. These findings provide beneficial insight to solve the increasingly serious urban-rural income gap.