Sponsored by Capital University of Economics and Business
ISSN 1000-4149 CN 11-1115/F
6 issues per year
Discipline(s): Sociology & Demography
Current Issue: Issue 04, 2018
This journal publishes innovative research results on demography and crossing field of demography and economics of our country and frontier trends about domestic demography and social economics research.
Yang Qinghe, Tong Yufen
Access to home care community service for the elderly: conceptual model, index system and comprehensive evaluation
It is essential to establish a systematic, comprehensive, scientific and reasonable home care community service evaluation system. We introduce the conception of access in the field of health service to the areas of the home care community service, and build a conceptual model of access to the home care community service. Then we put it into an evaluation index system. Based on the survey data of Beijing, Nanjing and Xianyang, the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method is adopted to give weight assignment and comprehensive evaluation. The results showed that the access to the home care community service had a score of 3.32 points, and the result was “better,” which was close to the “general” level, indicating that there was a lot of room for the improvement in satisfaction of community service accessibility. In the secondary grade index of access, the score is from high to low in order: accessibility of 3.85 points, accommodation of 3.54 points, affordability of 3.52 points, acceptability of 3.44 points, and availability of 2.96 points. Therefore, we propose to focus on strengthening the construction of on-site service and leasing service facilities; improving the service in the community, especially the content and types of services; and increasing the support of manpower, material and fund for the home care community service.
The employment effect of the spatial agglomeration in China: based on the perspective of individual employment quality
Based on the dynamic data of the Chinese labor force in 2012, this paper carried out the empirical analysis. The study shows that the active agglomeration effect and spillover effect, such as the quality improvement of employment of individual workers and increase of the workers’ benefits, need better urban economic environment to match with the labor spatial agglomeration. The results implied that the government’s action in the process of urbanization should be more reflected in the development and improvement of the local socio-economic level, to create a better investment environment and more employment opportunities, so that the region is more attractive to the labor force, rather than making direct intervention in workers.
The impact of the number of children on the intergenerational economic support of the family: evasion of the responsibility or competitive demonstration
The adjustment of the fertility policy will cause changes in the number of children, and there is no consensus concerning whether this affect the support proportion of the family and the pressure of social pensions. In particular, the relationship between the number of children and the economic support for the elderly remains controversial. This paper tried to build a theoretical model to analyze the root causes of controversy. Based on the 2013 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Survey, we study the relationship between the number of children and the intergenerational economic support with two-stage alternative model. The study found that the possibility and degree of the intergenerational economic support for the elderly increased significantly. In addition, the analysis of heterogeneity in different regions, different income classes and different types of support, has the demonstration effect of intergenerational generation. After the implementation of the two-child policy, it is helpful to study the changes of family fertility decision and the pressure of family support and social pension, as well as the future of China’s pension insurance.
Human capital investment is the basis of innovation-driven economic growth, the coordinate development of social security between urban and rural areas is an important factor to motivate the human capital investment decision-making. In the endogenous growth model including self-interest motive factors, social security payment for parents can compensate their children’s human capital investment cost, increase human capital investment returns on intergenerational support. The higher the level of social security is, the more likely across the human capital investment conditions is. The paper checked the relationship among urban-rural social security gap, human capital investment and economic development, with simultaneous equations model. The results implied that: 1) the human capital investment can promote economic growth significantly; 2) the social security gap between urban and rural areas has an inhibitory effect on human capital investment; and 3) under the conditions of dual economic structure, the economic growth is based on the imbalanced development of urban and rural social security. It could be helpful to improve the level of human capital to promote coordinated development of urban and rural social security. The economic development could be sustainable with demographic quality dividend compensating the tapering off of demographic quantity dividend.
There exist multiple segmentations in China’s labor market, and two of the most important factors are gender and ownership. This paper attempts to clarify the time evolution of the gender discrimination in different ownership sectors from the perspective of wage disparity. We analyze the gender discrimination from the wage gap based on the data of China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS). From the perspective of gender wage ratio and discrimination coefficient, the gender wage disparity in non-state-owned sector is higher. In the past 20 years, gender discrimination in the state-owned sector has slightly fluctuated, rather than an upward trend in the non-state-owned sector. Further, we divide the gender wage gap into “endowment effect” and “composition effect” by Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition, finding that the gender wage gap in the state-owned sector is mainly caused by gender difference.
The subjective well-being of the China’s post-80: the happiness paradox between powerful groups and vulnerable groups and its explanation
Based on the FYRST survey data, this paper discussed about the differences of the influence on happiness by the income level and the relative position, and the differences of the intermediary role of consumer spending between different groups from the perspective of the post-80. The study found that there were significant differences in the path of relative position effect on happiness between different groups. The relative position effect on happiness of the powerful group has no such effect on the vulnerable groups. As the powerful groups generally underestimated their relative position, they did not get more happiness or even lower although their income levels were higher than those of the vulnerable groups. This formed the happiness paradox between powerful groups and vulnerable groups. The relative income effect was the decision factors of the happiness paradox between powerful groups and vulnerable groups, and consumer spending was the important economic factor for the degree of difference between happiness and income levels.