Sponsored by Institute of Sociology
ISSN 1008-1437 CN 11-3280/C
6 issues per year
Discipline(s): Sociology & Demography
Current Issue: Issue 03, 2018
Youth Studies aims to provide youth with enlightenment, promote academic exchange and develop youth studies.
Chairman of the Editorial Board
The young white-collar immigrants’ identification with middle-class status and its influencing factors
Taking Shanghai as an example, this study had the following findings. For the young white-collar immigrants, their identification with middle-class status was extremely low, and the income level had become the first judgment criterion. The managerial positions of middle and high levels, professional titles and self-owned house could significantly increase the white-collar immigrants’ identification with middle-class status. The personal incomes could also increase their identification with middle-class status. Food security and government trust could significantly improve the young white-collar immigrants’ identification with middle-class status. The residential quality and luxury consumption could significantly increase the young white-collar immigrants’ identification with middle-class status. For the young white-collar immigrants with higher educational levels, they would not like to identify with their middle-class status, while for the young white-collar migrants who would like to spend more expenditure for their children, the degree of identification would be higher. According to the findings, the subjective construction of middle-class status was more derived from social imagination, not the hierarchical sequence in the realistic social group. Their construction of middle-class status was built on socioeconomic status rather than the lifestyle.
Lasting “soul imprint”: how the left-behind duration influence the youth’s early subjective well-being
Based on the retrospective data regarding the college students’ left-behind experience, this paper tries to construct the different types and patterns of left-behind experience, and innovatively compare the long- and short-term effect and early and late effect of left-behind duration, and study the lasting influence of early left-behind experience on individuals. According to the empirical analysis, the left behind experience has significantly reduced the young group’s subjective well-being, and the influence of left-behind duration has some kind of variation. Regarding the long- and short-term effect of left-behind duration, the longer the left-behind duration lasts, the worse the young college students’ subjective well-being and level of mental health level are. Regarding the early and late effect of left-behind duration, the left-behind experience in childhood has the biggest negative impact. According to the further analysis, the early and late effect is stronger than the long- and short-term effect. According to the results from the propensity score matching and heterogeneous intervention effect model, the negative impacts above have the robust casual effects.
To promote educational fairness, the state and local governments have launched the policy for high school entrance examination elsewhere. Based on the baseline data from The China Education Panel Survey, this paper tries to conduct the multinomial logistic regression. According to the findings, the policy for high school entrance examination elsewhere could significantly influence the willingness, location and type of the choice of high school education of migrant children. Under the higher admission requirements, the migrant children would choose not to attend high school, not to attend high school in migration region, or attend vocational high school in migration region. By lowering the admission requirements and opening the high school education completely, we could guarantee the opportunity fairness of high school education for migrant children. It is of great significance to build the strong human resources country and promote the new-type urbanization.
The rural youth’s marriage strategy and its operation logic—a case study of Village Y in the northern part of Anhui Province
Referring to Bourdieu’s concept of marriage strategy and combining the state of separation and reunion in different time points of marriage process, this paper tried to establish the analysis framework and analyze the rural youth’s marriage strategy. According to the findings, there were two factors constituting the deep reason for the transformation between separation and reunion. One was the structural and cultural factor, including intergenerational relationship, and culture of marriage customs. The other was the individualization factor, including the individual-centered consciousness and the notion of emotion-oriented spouse selection. Working away from hometowns had constituted the important event variable. If the youth continuously worked away from hometown, the power of parental generation would become weak, the marriage culture would become more tolerant, the individualization appeals including the individual-centered consciousness and the notion of emotion-oriented spouse selection were highlighted. All these factors had shaped the space for the rural youth’s autonomous practice of marriage strategy. As a result, the individuals’ interest demand rather than the family interest became the important factor to dominate the marital state in the process of concrete spouse selection.