Sponsor(s): National Institute of International Strategy, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (NIIS CASS); Chinese Assoctation for South Asian Studies
4 issues per year
Current Issue: Issue 01, 2020
South Asian Studies is supervised by Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and sponsored by National Institute of International Strategy, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and Chinese Association for South Asian Studies. It is a comprehensive academic journal with researches on politics, economics, religion, philosophy, culture, arts, ethnics, history about South Asian countries. This journal aims to include South Asian studies results, promote academic exchanges, disseminate knowledge about South Asia, and promote culture exchanges between China and South Asian countries. The scope of this journal covers the policy and economy, social culture and international relations in South Asia. The journal is included in CSSCI.
Wang Bangwei, Liu Shuxiong, Liu Jian, Ye Hailin, Mao Yue
Wang Bangwei, Mao Yue, Wen Fude, Ye Hailin, Lv Zhaoyi, Ren Jia, Zhu Zhongming, Liu Jian, Liu Shuxiong,Sun Shihai, Li Xiangyang,
South Asian Studies,2020,No. 01
Since strategic culture became a topic of interest in the 1990s, many research efforts have attempted to explain India’s foreign policy through this lens. The characteristics of culture as “stable” and “resistant to change” have significant constraints for explorations of Indian strategic culture. Most studies tend to be static in terms of their perspectives on the roots, characteristics and nature of Indian strategic culture. This article attempts to understand India’s strategic culture from a dynamic perspective, and construct a model for mechanisms of formation and change of Indian strategic culture. Through determining different classifications of strategic culture, it finds that during the Cold War period India maintained an adaptable strategic culture that focused primarily on defense, emphasizing offense as secondary. After the Cold War, this evolved into a confrontational strategic culture characterized by a strong preference for offensive posturing. The primary factor enabling change in the Indian strategic culture is environmental awareness, which advances political processes towards change vis-a-vis Indian domestic politics, in turn leading to a change in strategic culture. More specifically, it is changes in the international system which shape the way in which elite Indian decision-makers assess national security, and these assessments pressure towards change in the behavioral preferences of elite decision-makers, and through domestic political processes, rise up to the new level of new national strategic preferences by revising domestic political processes. And finally, new strategic culture is formed.