Sponsored by Beijing Sport University
ISSN 1007-3612 CN 11-3785/G8
12 issues per year
Discipline(s): Education & Physical Culture
Current Issue: Issue 12, 2018
Journal of Beijing Sport University is a monthly publication sponsored by General Administration of Sport of China. Journal of Beijing Sport University incorporates the rich experience of class teaching, academic research and training experience in sports field. The journal has several columns such as sports social science, sports psychology, human sports science, physical education and so on.
Chairman of the Editorial Board
Vol 41,No. 12
As an important part of the Olympic Games, the Winter Olympic Games is composed of three systems: ideology, organization and activity. By taking the theory of sustainable development system as the starting point and putting the concept of sustainability into the three major systems, the study showed that sustainable development is a complex system. The three major systems of the Winter Olympics perform their respective functions and strive to carry out the concept of sustainable development. The ideological system should emphasize the further practice of the Olympic spirit and the absorption of Oriental thought, and strengthen fairness and justice. The organizational system should improve organizational transparency on the basis of ensuring independence. The activity system should pay more attention to the harmonious interactions with the environment and the humanist education value of people orientation. The sustainable development of three systems of the Winter Olympics creates its own way of development on the premise of guaranteeing the basic spirit of Olympism and focusing on the uniqueness of winter sports, and it is an important part of the sustainable development of the future Olympics. This study on the sustainable development of the three systems of the Winter Olympics is also of a certain reference value for the preparation of Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics.
Practical experience and sport selection of overseas pre-competition training camp of China Olympic team
Vol 41,No. 12
With the main research methods of documentation and expert interview, this paper focuses on the overseas pre-competition training camp of the Olympic team, summarizes the experience of China’s, and puts forward the layout and preparation target of the overseas training camp of China Olympic team preparing for Tokyo Olympic Games. This paper wants to provide reference for China Olympic team and obtains main conclusions as follows. (1) Overseas pre-competition training camp is a common practice of international sports powers, including natural environment adaptation, humanistic environment adaptation, competition atmosphere adaptation, sports state adjustment and other types. (2) Since the London Olympic Games, China has set up overseas pre-competition training camps, which provides a solid guarantee for the Chinese team to win gold medals. They play the most significant role in ball games, track and field, shooting, and also serve as a window for historical and cultural exhibition and exchange; but it has limited influence on some sports, and the management of training camps is very difficult. (3) Drawing lessons from international practices and our previous experience, the overseas training camps of China’s team preparing for Tokyo Olympic Games mainly focus on collective ball games, outfield competitions, bilateral advantage sports and long-term events.
Development of national traditional sports in the process of great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation
Vol 41,No. 12
In the new era, the development of national traditional sports should make responding adjustments in accordance with “the new historic juncture,” and it should be oriented by Chinese nation, directed by national identity, and centered by national rejuvenation. During the process of great national rejuvenation, the development of national traditional sports should fully maintain the national characteristics of Chinese nation, refine national symbols, cultivate national emotions, highlight national spirit and build national image; and it should give full play to the function of sports in enhancing national unity, and promote exchanges, communications and integration among multi-ethnic groups in China.
Difficulties and solutions: intergrowth of national traditional sports and school education in the new era
Vol 41,No. 12
In the new era, Chinese traditional national sports are facing unprecedented challenges in the process of interaction with school education. In order to better protect and utilize the traditional ethnic sports and realize the modernization of school education, and build a strong sports and cultural country, this study analyzed the intergrowth of national traditional sports and school education in the new era based on intergrowth theory. The methods of literature review and field investigation were used in this study. Results: The intergrowth of national traditional sports and school education has two characteristics: the intergrowth theory of national traditional sports and school education has changed from shallow to deep, and the effect of intergrowth has changed from poor to better. At present, the main dilemma of intergrowth is the gradual modernization of traditional national sports attending to the superficiality and neglecting the essentials, unreasonable knowledge setting in different phases, examination-oriented “kidnapping” teaching, and skill “kidnapping” interest and weakening of the function of “carrier”. Suggestions: We should build a new era of national traditional sports that combines nationality and modernity, build a multi-symbiotic model with competition as the main part and curriculum teaching as the supplement, highlight the protection of the main cultural region, innovate the teaching mode and reinforce the learning phases. This study clarified the dilemma and outlet of the intergrowth of national traditional sports and school education in the new era. It is of great importance for realizing the intergrowth of national traditional sports and school education, leading the reform of school physical education and teaching, and inheriting traditional ethnic sports.
Vol 41,No. 12
The purpose of this study was to provide some ideas for Chinese enterprises committed to becoming top sponsors of the future Olympic Games. This study analyzed the problems existing in the development of the Olympic Partner Programme by the methods of literature review and expert interview and the authors’ work experience, and deeply analyzed the Olympic economy based on the theories of economics, marketing and financial management to enrich and supplement domestic research on the Olympic economic field. The study showed that there are four problems in Olympic Partner Programme. The ROI on sponsorship is directly related to the Olympic Partner Programme. The high amount of sponsorship fees and the uncertainty of long-term investment income affect the investment intentions of sponsors. The decline in TV ratings will inevitably affect corporate exposure in the media, but the widespread acceptance of social media by the public also provides more marketing platform for sponsors. The rules and terms of IOC restrict the maximization of the business interests of some top sponsors.
To solve the problems of interdisciplinary science is the top priority in the research on China’s training theory
Vol 41,No. 12
It is an indisputable fact that the theoretical research of the Chinese training is lagging behind the practice of competitive sports. Breaking the bottleneck of the development of the Chinese training theory is at all imminent. From the sight of the inherent development logic, the theoretical research of the Chinese training should back to the source, i. e., to research on the interdisciplinary science problems. By using the research methods of literature review and logical analysis, and combining with multidisciplinary theory, this research revealed the logical origin, difficulties and routing selection of the interdisciplinary science problems and the development of training theory, and focused on the cognition problems of the interdisciplinary issue in training theory research. To solve the interdisciplinary science problems in the training process is related to the direction of Chinese training theory research, namely, independent innovation and internationalization, which is also a new task for the development of training theory in the new era.
Vol 41,No. 12
This research aimed to explore the main social roots that influence the inheritance of village folk sports culture and explore relevant countermeasures. The methods of literature review and field investigation were used in this research. The results are as follows. (1) Westernization and urbanization of rural society have dispelled the living soil of folk sports. (2) Government-led “making sports go to the countryside” has occupied the inheritance space of folk sports. Measurements for the inheritance of village folk sports are as follows. (1) The government should take lead in policy development and path selection to solve the problem of insufficient development and provide conditions and space for the inheritance of village folk sports culture. (2) We should change the values of cultural subjects, improve cultural consciousness and self-confidence, adhere to the “third road” with Chinese characteristics, and provide living soil for the inheritance of village folk sports culture. (3) We should strengthen inheritance mode innovation of grass-roots culture, construct the inheritance mode of “fitness-united system and general sports coaches,” solve the problem of discord in the inheritance of village folk sports culture, and realize the coordinated and sustainable inheritance and development of village folk sports culture.
Vol 41,No. 12
Purpose: Because of the special environment of the high altitude, the native plain athletes will experience a series of stress responses when they first do altitude training. In this study, with the help of metabonomics technology, we compared and analyzed the changes of athletes’ metabolic function in the early stage of altitude training from two aspects of acute stress response and chronic adaptation. Methods: Totally 16 male elite rowers took part in this study. The 5 mL elbow venous blood was collected respectively before altitude training, on the 4th and the 14th day of annual altitude winter training after adjustment rest. After the plasma was separated, the plasma metabolites were analyzed by LC-MS platform, and the changes of metabolic profile at different time points were compared by PCA and OPLS-DA. Results: 1) Compared with those before altitude training, nearly 80 plasma metabolites changed significantly on the 4th day and the 14th day of altitude training respectively. Compared with those before altitude training, the plasma levels of benzamide and indole-3-acetaldehyde increased by 35 times and 17 times respectively and those of phenylethylamine, phenol, and indole increased by 4–8 times on the 4th day of altitude training,. On the 14th day of altitude training, the levels of plasma benzamide, indole-3-acetaldehyde, phenylethylamine, and indole increased by 2–6 times, while the levels of plasma cholesterol hydroxylated sulfate, tryptophan, and 3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-2-oxypropionic acid decreased by 2–8 times. 2) Compared with that before altitude training, the metabolism of phenylalanine and tryptophan increased significantly on the 4th day of altitude training, while the biosynthesis of phenylalanine, tyrosine, tryptophan, and aminoacyl-tRNA increased significantly, but the biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids decreased significantly. On the 14th day, the metabolism of phenylalanine and tyrosine increased significantly, while the biosynthesis of phenylalanine, tyrosine, tryptophan and aminoacyl-tRNA increased significantly, and the biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids decreased significantly. Compared with those on the 4th day of altitude training, the biosynthesis of aminoacyl-tRNA, valine, leucine and isoleucine increased significantly on the 14th day, while that of unsaturated fatty acids decreased significantly, and the metabolism of arginine and proline increased. Conclusions: During the acute response period of altitude training, benzamide and indole-3-acetaldehyde involved in the regulation of energy metabolism in the central nervous system of elite rowers increased by tens of times at first and then decreased, which may be sensitive markers of metabolic adaptation in the early stage of altitude training. The stress response and adaptation of the central nervous system may play a key role in the metabolic response of athletes in the early stage of altitude training. The metabolism of aromatic and branched-chain amino acids was more active in the early stage of altitude training, while that of unsaturated fatty acids was inhibited. The exact regulation mechanism needs to be further studied.
Effect of 18 Days Sub-altitude Training on Physiological Function and Sports Performance of Figure Skaters
Vol 41,No. 12
Objective: To figure out the effect of 18 days altitude training on physiological function and sports performance of figure skaters. Methods: Ten figure skaters of the national youth team completed 18-day sub-altitude training in Xinjiang Ice Sports Center at the altitude of 1 650 m. During the sub-altitude training, skaters’ morning heart rate (HR) and SpO 2 were tested every day; their exercise ability was measured before, during and after 18 days sub-altitude training, the indexes include blood biochemical indexes, aerobic capacity (YOYO test) and specific abilities (specific test). Statistical analysis was performed by repeated measures ANOVA and paired T test. Results: 1) During the sub-altitude training period, the morning HR of figure skaters reached the highest on the 2nd and 3rd days, and then it decreased. The level of SpO 2 gradually increased, and kept above 97% after the 9 th day. 2) During the sub-altitude training period, athletes’ HTC increased significantly, but other blood indicators did not change. 3) After the sub-altitude training, athletes’ aerobic ability was improved, they finished more steps and longer distance in YOYO test. The average HR, the HR immediately after exercise and the lactic acid level immediately after exercise remained unchanged when the difficulty of special ice test increased. Conclusions: 1) During 18 days sub-altitude training period, skaters’ morning HR gradually decreased, SpO 2 increased, which indicated that the figure skaters were adapted to the sub-altitude training environment. 2) After 18 days sub-altitude training, the aerobic ability of figure skaters has been improved to a certain extent, and the specific ability has a tendency to improve.