Sponsored by Beijing Sport University
ISSN 1007-3612 CN 11-3785/G8
12 issues per year
Discipline(s): Education & Physical Culture
Current Issue: Issue 12, 2017
Journal of Beijing Sport University is a monthly publication sponsored by General Administration of Sport of China. Journal of Beijing Sport University incorporates the rich experience of class teaching, academic research and training experience in sports field. The journal has several columns such as sports social science, sports psychology, human sports science, physical education and so on.
Chairman of the Editorial Board
Vol 40,No. 12
Unarmed combat is an indispensable part of modern sports and the core and principal part of the antagonistic combat groups. By using the methods of literature review, expert interview and case study, this paper reviewed and classified the concepts of combat and further analyzed the characteristics of different types of unarmed combat group. Conclusions: 1) Combat can be divided into striking items, grappling items, and comprehensive items according to the temporal characteristics of combat techniques. It can also be divided into standing items, ground items, and comprehensive items according to the spatial characteristics. 2) The overall temporal characteristics of unarmed combat group are high speed, fast pace, short interval and multiple rounds in a long time. The overall spatial characteristics are multifaceted, diversified and stereoscopic and changeable. 3) The temporal characteristics of striking combat events are short contact time, and high speed, fast pace, and multiple rounds in a long period of time. The spatial characteristics are a small contact area, a small relative position, multi-points, diversity, and changeability. 4) The temporal characteristics of grappling combat events are long contact time, high speed, fast pace, short interval, and multiple rounds. The spatial characteristics are big contact area, changing relative position, multi-points, diversity, and changeability.
Vol 40,No. 12
Wushu should play an important role in promoting China’s outstanding traditional culture to go abroad and in enhancing cultural awareness and cultural self-confidence. However, in reality, the development of Wushu is not satisfactory. This study analyzed the history of Wushu transformed into sports and its influence on Wushu, and summarized the essence of traditional Wushu and its unique value by the methods of literature review and historic method of investigation, and found that Wushu transformed into sports is a historical trend, but Wushu passively transformed into sports dismembers the Wushu noumenon. Wushu should follow the historical trend of boxing movement, take Chinese traditional Wushu as the guide, and take free combat as the basis, combine traditional throwing and standing skills of Wushu to form an organic integration of kicking, beating, throwing and taking. It should integrate traditional training means that cultivated touch sense and short explosive force, such as Tai Chi pushing hands, standing exercise, and flapping into modern combat training, perfect the rules system of four kinds of techniques including kicking, playing, falling and taking to play the guiding role of rules to technology, and gradually form a new Wushu boxing with characteristics of Chinese Wushu Boxing and with the trend of modern sports. This study has theoretical and practical significance of the technological development and innovation of Wushu.
A review of the core cultural issues in the construction of China as a strong country of sports culture
Vol 40,No. 12
Sports culture is the basis of the formation and development of a country’s sports ideology, and is the key to the construction of the core value system of sports; it determines the overall characteristics and development direction of the nation and country’s sports. By using methods of word frequency analysis, literature review, and expert interviews, this study comprehensively reviews the cultural core issues in the construction of a strong country of sports culture, and deeply analyzes the core issues such as sports culture inheritance and innovation, national traditional sports, globalization, and sports culture industry. Conclusions of the study are as follows: the core cultural issues in the construction of China as a strong country of sports culture reflect the diverse research patterns presented in sports culture research; the research on four core issues not only needs to find the basis at the theoretical level, but also needs to find the reality source at the practical level; in the construction of a strong country of sports culture, China should pay attention to the fulcrum function of cultural inheritance and innovation, dig the development opportunities of national sports culture and traditional sinology and the development of the times, attach importance to cultural choice, integration, correction and boycott under globalization, and vigorously promote the development of cultural industry.
Vol 40,No. 12
This paper constructed a theoretical model of genealogy of Chinese traditional Wushu culture by excavating, extracting, filtering and distilling the culture genes originated from the formation, development and evolution of traditional Chinese Wushu theories as well as the formation of theories, means, routes, momenta (styles) of various Wushu types. The foundations of the study were theories of memetics and cultural structure, the main line was typical technical actions of the traditional Chinese Wushu, such as Taijiquan, Xingyiquan, Baguazhang and Shaolinquan, the carriers were means, routines, fighting forms of different Wushu lists from Shaolin, Wudang and Emei, the objectives were the cultural factors associated with “technology” and “offensive and defensive” characteristics of Wushu, and the methods were the combinations of quantitative cultural omics and logical speculation, field research and structural interview, expert screening and questionnaire survey, exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. The results showed that the structural model of genealogy of Chinese traditional Wushu culture was composed of 24 cultural genes involved in six dimensions including “thinking mode,” “value concept,” “foundation of Wushu theory,” “fighting thought,” “virtue thought” and “aesthetic taste.” The six-dimension structure model not only reflected the cultural characteristics of Chinese Wushu, but also provided satisfactory answers for explaining the cultural characteristics of Chinese Wushu. This study also expounded the roles of the common cultural genes, special cultural genes and Wushu culture genes in Chinese traditional Wushu.