Influence of crowding-out effects of compound governance on performance of marketing channels for agricultural products: taking the mode of agricultural leading enterprises plus farmers as an example
Chinese Rural Economy,No. 04
The mode of agricultural leading enterprises plus farmers in the marketing channels for agricultural products has such problems as high default rate, low stability and poor performance. From the perspective of farmers and theories related to the mechanism of governance, this paper conducted an empirical analysis on the influence of crowding-out effects of compound governance on the performance of marketing channels for agricultural products through 578 copies of survey data on farmers from six provinces, such as Hainan Province, Hubei Province, and Henan Province. According to studies, in Chinese trading market of agricultural products, there were Channel Compound Governance I based on traditional governance with social regulations and formal contractual governance as well as Compound Governance Channel II based on relational governance and formal contractual governance. The crowding-out effect of traditional governance with social regulations on formal contractual governance had a negative influence on stability of the mode of agricultural leading enterprises plus farmers, while the crowding-out effect of relational governance on formal contractual governance had a positive influence on stability of the mode of agricultural leading enterprises plus farmers. Besides, the legal awareness of farmers led to a significantly negative adjustment to the relationship between the crowding-out effect of Compound Governance Channel I and stability of channels. However, it led to a significantly positive adjustment to the relationship between the crowding-out effect of Compound Governance Channel II and stability of channels. Besides, stability of marketing channels for agricultural products had a direct influence on the improvement of elastic performance and sales performance of transactions.
The contribution rate of agricultural labor force transfer to economic growth of China from 1953 to 2015
Chinese Rural Economy,No. 09
Since the 1970s, the agricultural labor force has been transferring to non-agricultural industries, and the proportion of non-agricultural labor force has been increasing, contributing greatly to China’s economic growth. This paper used the exponential method to separate the effect of labor force transfer directly from the economic growth, and examined the systematically effects of labor force transfer of China in various periods since 1953.The result showed that the transfer of agricultural labor force was an important source of China’s economic growth since 1970, and its contribution rate to economic growth in 1971–1978, 1984–1988, 1991–1997, 2003–2008 and 2009–2015 were all above 17%.In the next 10 years, it would still have a great potential, but after 2025 the effect would decline gradually.
The mechanism and operating logic of how e-commerce associations promote the development of Taobao Villages: taking the practice of Junpu Village in Jieyang City of Guangdong Province as an example
Chinese Rural Economy,No. 06
Based on the theory and the practice of Junpu Village, this paper explained the mechanism how an e-commerce association could promote the development of a Taobao Village. By establishing an e-commerce association, a Taobao Village pursued collective initiative efficiency. Specifically, an e-commerce association had four kinds of mechanisms to promote the collective efficiency of a Taobao Village. The first was to strengthen the external economy of a cluster. The second was to avoid product homogeneity caused by vicious competition. The third was to enhance the market position to deal with external competition. The fourth was to absorb more external resources. An e-commerce association could play an organizational role in making up for governmental limited rationality. The combination of the association’s autonomy and governmental support could ensure that members had control over the council, and was a prerequisite for the association to operate well. Under the condition of informal rules, formal rules and implementing mechanisms, e-commerce associations could achieve better industrial self-discipline.
Journal of Beijing Sport University,Vol 38,No. 05
Female participation in the Olympic Games, reflected by the changes of female events, was deeply influenced by the three waves of feminism in the 20th century and evolution of the values the Olympic Games. From the two dimensions of the self-development of the Olympics and the three waves of feminism, this paper analyzed evolution of Olympic female events by the method of literature review. The conclusion is as follows: women events added in the Olympic Games were pushed by the three waves of feminism; gender justice is the logical foundation of equality between men and women in Olympic Games, which should not be determined by the increase in female events; the exploration of gender equality in the Olympic Games will be struggling under the influence of the third-wave feminism and utilitarianism.
Economic Review,No. 03
Based on trans-national and trans-industrial panel data,and by full consideration of heterogeneity of knowledge in both country side and industry side,also in consideration of industrial correlation effect between manufacture and service,this paper mainly focuses on technology spillover of import and its diversified decomposition characteristics,and their influence on improving of related industrial productivity.The main findings show:(1)in consideration of intra-industrial and inter-industrial association effect,technology spillover of import has an apparent influence on improving of industrial productivity,enhanced association effect here plays an important catalytic role.(2)under influence of association effect,and compared with intraindustrial association effect,inter-industrial association effect plays a more prominent role in promoting productivity of both manufacture and service.(3)through association of reverse requirements and forward input,technology spillover in manufacture and service both have more important influence on improving of productivity in each other.