Russian Central Asian & East European Market,No. 01
Remarkable progress and breakthroughs in Sino-Russian energy cooperation have been achieved in multiple areas, such as the increase in crude oil supply, east-stream natural gas cooperation, the Yamar LNG project in the Russian Arctic, and downstream refining and chemical engineering, against the backdrop of steady enhancement of Sino-Russian strategic cooperative partnership, EU-US sanctions imposed on Russia’s energy sector, steep falls in the international oil price, the shift of international crude oil market from a sellers’ market to a buyer’s market and China’s high demand for foreign energy under the New Normal. New changes occur in the cooperation while unchanged strategies and influencing factors exist. The cooperation is constrained by differences in pricing, insufficient mutual trust, inadequate policy communication, and imperfect infrastructure construction and so on. Thus, Russian government and energy companies need to revise their overestimation of China’s energy market and the price acceptability of Chinese companies. It is advisable to devise a mechanism to share risks and profits, extend cooperation in energy equipment manufacturing, deepen collaboration and communication between the authorities, and conduct in-depth research on each other’s energy sectors and policies.
Sociological Studies,Vol 32,No. 01
This paper presented Fei Dasheng as a social reformer who promoted social reforms rather than a technologist. It was she who started the movements of spreading technological knowledge to the farmers and sending industry to the countryside. She was also the first reformer who attempted to introduce the principle of cooperative management as a social experiment into China’s rural economy in order to solve the problems of modernizing the technology and socializing the rural management. This paper focused on Fei Dasheng’s alternative pursuit of rural modernity by starting a countryside-based industry, by using rural cooperative economic organizations to fight against giant capital, and by gaining a place for women with a demonstrative mode in the production system of the modern economy.
Russian Central Asian & East European Market,No. 01
China’s import of grain from Kazakhstan is characterized by small volumes, instability and the inefficient use of grain market resources in Kazakhstan despite the fact that the basis for grain trade and cooperation is favorable. Analyzing major obstacles to grain trade and cooperation, this paper was concluded with policy suggestions against the background of constructing the Belt and Road Initiative, based on a study on the status quo of Kazakhstan’s grain production, consumption, and trade as well as Sino-Kazakhstan grain trade and cooperation.
“Separate transmission outside the scriptures” in modern academic history: new exploration on Chen Yinke’s method of “proving history by literature”
Literary Review,No. 03
To Chen Yinke, the modern academic history has two sects, namely “the old with knowledge but no technique and the new with technique but no knowledge,” so “both have no achievements.” His self-understanding and research practice show that he was engaged in study of “being neither ancient nor modern learning.” The academic research method of Chen has the characteristic of “proving history by literature.” He both valued and felt confident in it, hence the characteristic of “being neither ancient nor modern learning” is formed. In understanding the method, the past people mostly searched the source from the Chinese tradition and treated it as not original. In fact, the formation of Chen’s academic method is never the natural evolution result of the Chinese academic tradition but the product of transplantation between the Chinese tradition and the Western academic. The source of Western academic includes the well-known Ranke’s historical study, especially the long concealed effect of “literature,” and the effect of the ignored Burckhardt. By merging the Chinese and the Western academic, Chen not only mined new historical material but raised new questions; avoided not only sticking to the Chinese tradition but getting manipulated by the Western doctrine; and finally completed his study of “being neither ancient nor modern learning” in specific research and methodology. One of the outstanding “diseases” of the current academic is the shortage of independent theories and methods for the study of humanities, so Chen’s exploration and success in this respect especially deserve promotion and development.
Invisible logic of the colonization of Hollywood culture: interpretation on cinematic constitution of consciousness in Stigler’s Technics and Time
Literary Review,No. 04
Stigler considered that we should explore the operation of the secret device of the colonization of Hollywood culture in the hegemony of invisible capitalist ideology. The sequencing in film montage enables individuals’ consciousness structure to change unconsciously, as such individuals will accept the will of the big “other” with a different ideology; television relay with remote login enables hundreds of millions of audiences to accept coexistence of consciousness in a temporal object in different places at different time, which brings an irresistible “huge flowing” chain of the dominant consciousness, leading to a spiritual disaster in which American capitalist ideology takes control secretly.